Although South Africa is one of the most liberal countries in the world when it comes to homosexuality and is the first country in Africa where same-sex marriage is legalised, corrective rapes still exist. This means that, especially in the black community, men try to rape lesbians with the intent of thereby “curing” her of her sexual orientation and convert her to be a heterosexual. This is one of the reasons why I chose this subject for my cultural awareness assignment.
At first I would like to inform you that I will be talking a lot of LGBT: This means lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, so actually every non-heterosexual.
I will tell you something about the history of LGBT rights in South Africa during the Apartheid. Second, I will tell something about the post-apartheid situation. Than something about the current living conditions of LGBT people, a piece of cultural theory and at last my conclusion.
The Apartheid government was hostile to the human rights of LGBT South Africans. Homosexuality was a crime punishable by up to seven years in prison; this law was used to harass South African gay community events and political activists.
Despite opposition, several South African gay rights organisations formed in the late 1970s, during the time when the ruling National Party strengthened the national sodomy law. The Gay Association of South Africa was a white organisation that initially avoided taking an official position on apartheid, while the Rand Gay Organization was being multi-racial and was against the racist political system of apartheid.
Also during the Apartheid, the South African Defense Force (the army) forced white gay and lesbian soldiers to undergo various medical "cures" for their sexual orientation, including sex change operations.
The outbreak of the HIV-AIDS epidemic in South Africa, forced LGBT South Africans to reveal their sexual orientation, in order to be able together to fight the spread... [continues]
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