Lexicology

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HANDBOOK OF WORD-FORMATION

Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory
VOLUME 64
Managing Editors Marcel den Dikken, City University of New York Liliane Haegeman, University of Lille Joan Maling, Brandeis University Editorial Board Guglielmo Cinque, University of Venice Carol Georgopoulos, University of Utah Jane Grimshaw, Rutgers University Michael Kenstowicz, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Hilda Koopman, University of California, Los Angeles Howard Lasnik, University of Maryland Alec Marantz, Massachusetts Institute of Technology John J. McCarthy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst Ian Roberts, University of Cambridge

The titles published in this series are listed at the end of this volume.

HANDBOOK OF WORD-FORMATION
Edited by

PAVOL ŠTEKAUER
Pre o University, Pre ov, Slovakia ov e

and ROCHELLE LIEBER
University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, U.S.A.

A C.I.P. Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.

ISBN-10 ISBN-13 ISBN-10 ISBN-10 ISBN-13 ISBN-13

1-4020-3597-7 (PB) 978-1-4020-3597-5 (PB) 1-4020-3595-0 (HB) 1-4020-3596-9 (e-book) 978-1-4020-3595-1 (HB) 978-1-4020-3596-8 (e-book)

Published by Springer, P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands. www.springeronline.com

Printed on acid-free paper

All Rights Reserved © 2005 Springer No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilming, recording or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher, with the exception of any material supplied specifically for the purpose of being entered and executed on a computer system, for exclusive use by the purchaser of the work. Printed in the Netherlands.

CONTENTS

PREFACE CONTRIBUTORS

xvii 1

ANDREW CARSTAIRS-MCCARTHY: BASIC TERMINOLOGY 1. The notion of the linguistic sign 1.1 EVIDENCE FOR THE MORPHEME-AS-SIGN POSITION IN SAUSSURE’S COURS 1.2 EVIDENCE FOR THE WORD-AS-SIGN POSITION IN SAUSSURE’S COURS Morpheme and word 2.1 CASE STUDY: ENGLISH NOUN PLURAL FORMS (PART 1) 2.2 CASE STUDY: THE PERFECT PARTICIPLE FORMS OF ENGLISH VERBS 2.3 CASE STUDY: ENGLISH NOUN PLURAL FORMS (PART 2) 2.4 COMPLEMENTARY DISTRIBUTION AND INFLECTION VERSUS DERIVATION ‘Morphemes’ since the 1960s

5 5 7 8 10 11 14 17 18 20 25 25

2.

3.

ELLEN M. KAISSE: WORD-FORMATION AND PHONOLOGY 1. Introduction

vi 2.

CONTENTS Effects of lexical category, morphological structure, and affix type on phonology 2.1 EFFECTS OF LEXICAL CATEGORY AND OF MORPHOLOGICAL COMPLEXITY 2.2 COHERING AND NON-COHERING AFFIXES Morphology limited by the phonological form of the base of affixation Lexical phonology and morphology and its ills More recent developments of lexical phonology and morphology How do related words affect each other? The cycle, transderivational t effects, paradigm uniformity and the like Do the cohering affixes f rm a coherent set? Split bases, SUBCATWORD fo and phonetics in morphology Conclusion 26 26 28 32 34 38 39 41 45

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8.

GREGORY STUMP: WORD-FORMATION AND INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The conceptual difference between inflection and word-formation The inflectional categories of English Practical criteria for distinguishing inflection from word-formation Practical criteria for distinguishing inflectional periphrases Some similarities between inflection and word-formation Complex interactions between inflection and word-formation Inflectional paradigms and word-formation paradigms 7.1 PARADIGMS AND HEAD MARKING IN INFLECTION AND DERIVATION 7.2 PARADIGMS AND BLOCKING IN INFLECTION AND DERIVATION

49 49 50 53 59 60 61 65 65 67

CONTENTS ANDREW SPENCER: WORD-FORMATION AND SYNTAX 1. 2. Introduction Lexical relatedness and syntax 2.1 MORPHOTACTICS IN CLASSICAL US STRUCTURALISM 2.2 MORPHOLOGY AS SYNTAX 2.3 LEXICAL INTEGRITY Syntactic phenomena inside words Argument structure realization 4.1 DEVERBAL...
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