Lexicography. The problems of lexicography. Types of dictionaries
Lexicography is a branch of applied linguistics that involves compiling, writing, or editing dictionaries
Dictionary is a book that lists the words of a language usually in alphabetical order, gives their meanings or equivalent words in a different language. Divided into 2 big groups- encyclopaedic and linguistic.
Types of dictionaries
* Encyclopedic dictionary- scientific reference books dealing with every branch of knowledge or with 1 particular branch that give info about extra linguistic world, deal with facts and concepts. * Linguistic dictionary- word-books the subject-matter of which is lexical units and their linguistic properties (pronunciation, mean., origin, peculiarities of use and other linguistic info)
Linguistic dictionaries are divided into:
* General dictionary- represents the vocabulary as a whole with a degree of completeness depending upon the scope and the bulk of the book in question. Include frequency dictionaries, rhyming dict., etc
* Restricted dictionary- cover only certain specific part of the voc. Can be subdivided depending on-
1. Whether the words are chosen according to the sphere of human activity in which they are used( register and explain technical terms of for various branches of knowledge- medical, linguistic, economical) 2. Type of the units themselves (deals with specific lg. units- phras.units, sayings, proverbs, borrowings, neologism, abbreviation) 3. Or relations existing between them (contains a formidable array of synonymic dictionaries)
According to the info they provide linguistic dictionaries can be divided into * Specialized dictionary- deal with lexical units in relation to their etymology, frequency, usage, pronunciat. * Explanatory- presents wide range of data, especially with regard to the semantic aspect of the voc. Items entered
According to the lg. of explanation, whether info...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document