Outcome 1.1 - Complete a chart showing the expected pattern of children’s development.
| Physical Development
| Moral Development
| Cognitive Development
| Social and Emotional Development
| 0-3 Months
| Babies cry to attract attention for its needs, e.g. when hungry or upset. Around 6-8 weeks old, sounds develop - coos and chuckles join crying as a way to attract attention.
| Babies are born with instinctive reactions, for example, rooting, swallowing and suckling, These ensure the baby can feed. Babies lose their scrunched up appearance Babies start to be able to focus on objects, or the people holding the objects at around one month Babies at around 3 months begin to be able to lift and turn their heads. Babies are spending a lot of time sleeping
| Babies can recognise their mother from birth through smell and hearing. Babies are learning about the people around them, and a soothing voice at around a month begins to have an effect on calming a baby. Babies are beginning to notice bright and colourful things in their environment.
| People close to the baby start to hear the baby use different cries: one sort of cry may mean "I'm thirsty" and another may tell you "I'm tired". Babies begin to enjoy rituals like bath time at around 3 months.
| 3-6 Months
| Babies begin to express themselves with their voice more, squealing when happy. Babies are beginning to show that they understand what is being said to them, and are trying to communicate back with sounds, and also with actions like lifting their arms when they want to be picked up.
| Babies in this age group are beginning to get stronger, and have a little more control over their bodies. They are able to sit up, and roll over. Babies are beginning to cut their first teeth. Babies in this age group are sleeping less, and they have usually settled into a routine where they sleep for a period, but also have times where they are much more active and playful.
| Babies will start to explore textures through touch, and through putting things in their mouth. Babies are able to move things between their hands. Babies are starting to want to hold the spoon when being fed, thought the fine motor skills are not yet developed enough for them to be able to feed themselves completely. Babies begin to notice brightly coloured objects around them, for example a mobile over the baby’s cot.
| Babies are smiling at people, especially those which the baby is familiar with, much more, showing they are very happy when being interacted with.
| 6-12 Months
| A baby’s language is beginning to become more tuneful, firstly developing into strings of babbling, and the strings of sounds are getting longer. Babies are beginning to understand the meaning of words, such as ‘dinner’, and get excited when they hear these familiar words. Babies also start to use finger pointing to draw adults’ attention to things.
| Babies are beginning to get mobile, they are crawling or bottom shuffling. Babies can also sit up unsupported. Babies are using their hands where possible to help feed themselves, for example with a piece of toast. Babies enjoy touching and moving things with their hands As they get near their 1st birthday, they are strengthening their leg muscles in preparation for walking, by pulling themselves up onto their feet. Some babies are able to walk whilst holding onto the furniture for support. At this time, a baby’s eyesight is just as well developed as an adult, and they can move incredibly quickly.
| The daily routine is beginning to become familiar to the baby, and baby may well get excited about the parts of their day that they enjoy the most.
| Babies begin to get clingy, because they realise that people don’t cease to exist because they can’t see them, and as such, they want to be...
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