The Problem and its Background
A Library is more than a place, more than books, films and records. Basically a Library is a gathering of ideas or information put in order and shared. Different groups of people use Libraries like teachers and students, youngsters and elderly, policemen and plumbers and politicians. Each group, each person has a different Library needs. Because no one Library can handle all needs, there are different kinds of Libraries, and they share materials with each other.
There are no two Libraries that are exactly alike. But some have more in common than others. Because the money to run a public Library comes from taxes, it is a free Library for the public, everyone who lives in a certain neighborhood, city, country, or province. Such a Library serves all ages and groups as an information center, as a reading, viewing and listening for pleasure Library. There were early types of public Libraries in ancient Greece and Rome. However, they did not lend materials freely as do the world’s public Libraries today.
Throughout the school days, students and teachers in elementary and secondary school need school Libraries to work in. The modern school Library in many countries is a learning center designed for both group and independent study. Besides books, the Library may contain magazines, newspapers, maps, posters, charts, models, teaching machines, films and filmstrips and slides to look at, records and tapes to listen to, and the equipment to use these. There may be special study and listening areas, conference rooms, and even a recording or TV studio. Such a Library is called a material center or media center. A large secondary school Library may have separate resource center for science, social studies, and other subjects.
An academic Library is found in a College or University. Like a school Library, this Library is a workshop for students and teachers, but it often has anywhere from 50,000 to millions of books and other materials covering many special subjects. That’s why Scholars from outside the College or University frequently use such Library for research. A University may include 50 or more Libraries in its many schools- a Far Eastern studies Library, a Fine Arts Library, An Engineering Library, and so on. There may be separate Libraries for undergraduates and for rare books and manuscripts. Because of the vast amount of materials they handle, some academic Libraries use computers to keep track of the collection.
The medical Library of a Hospital is a special Library. So are the Libraries of a Law Office, a weather bureau, a labor union, a museum, an arboretum, or any encyclopedia publishing firm. A special Library is a part of a Hospital, Business, or other Organization, and it offers practical information to the workers or members. Such a Library is not generally open to the public. Usually it concentrates on a particular subject or subjects like Medicine, Law, Climate and Weather, Labor, and Art. A special Library may have few books, relying heavily instead on such materials as magazines, reports, and computer printouts. These enable the Library to keep up in fast-moving fields such as aerospace.
National Libraries are the Super Libraries of the world, with upwards of 80 million books and other materials in the largest. Because a National Library serves the Government of a country, it’s a special Library. It’s also a research Library for Scholars. In addition, many national Libraries are public in that they are for the people of an entire country.
Upon entering its 4th year of foundation, the Lyceum of the Philippines University Cavite Campus has a need for improvement of the campus facilities to continue giving a top class educational satisfaction that the students expect upon enrolling in this University. And one of the facilities that is most used and needed by the students is the University Library because it is the most resourceful place for them....
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