Level 2 Health and Social Care

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Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is|
Evidence Date | | | | | | |
The learner can: Evidence Reference| | | | | | | 1.explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’ A chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning| | | | | | | 2. describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementiatemporal lobe = responsible for vision, memory, language, hearing, learningfrontal lobe = responsible for decision making , problem solving, control behaviour and emotionsparietal lobe = responsible for sensory information from the body, also where letters are formed, putting things in order and spatial awarenessoccipital lobe = responsible for processing information related to visioncerebrum lobe = biggest part of the Brain its role is memory, attention, thought, and our consciousness, senses and movementhippocampus = responsible for memory forming, organizing and storing and emotions| | | | | | | 3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia.Becoming forgetful does not necessarily mean an individual has dementia. Memory loss can be an effect of ageing. It can also be a symptom of stress or depression. In rare cases, dementia-like symptoms can be caused by vitamin deficiencies or a brain tumour.If an individual is depressed, he or she will often lose interest in things that they used to enjoy. Depression commonly interferes with work, social and family life. In addition, there are many other symptoms, such as Continuous low mood or sadness• Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness• Low self-esteem• Tearfulness• Feelings of guilt• Feeling irritable and intolerant of others• Lack of motivation and little interest in things• Difficulty making decisions Slowed movement or speech• Change in appetite or weight - usually decreased, but sometimes increased• Constipation| | | | | | | Type of Evidence| | | | | | |

O=Observation EWT=Expert Witness Testimony Q=Questioning P=Product PD=Professional Discussion A=Assignment RA=Reflective Account S=Simulation|

Outcome 2 Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia| Evidence Date| | | | | | |
The learner can: Evidence Reference| | | | | | | 1.Outline the medical model of dementiaThe medical model of disability views disability as a ‘problem’ that belongs to the disabled individual. It is not seen as an issue to concern anyone other than the individual affected. For example, if a wheelchair using student is unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model would suggest that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps.The social model of disability, in contrast, would see the steps as the disabling barrier. This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled. There is a recognition within the social model that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce, and ultimately remove, some of these disabling barriers, and that this task is the responsibility of society, rather than the disabled person.| | | | | | | 2. Outline the social model of dementiaThe social model of disability, in contrast, would see the steps as the disabling barrier. This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people, through designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled. There is a recognition within the social model that there is a great deal that society can do to reduce, and ultimately remove, some of these disabling barriers, and that this task is the responsibility of society, rather than the disabled person.| | | | | | |...
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