D1:There are many aspects in relation to professional practice. Four areas of professional practice are: Attitudes to work
Time keeping and attendance
Awareness of children’s development
Understanding children’s behaviour
D2: It is important when working within a childcare setting that your timekeeping and attendance is up to scratch, punctuality is key because within this type of setting as a practitioner you have a multitude of responsibilities to carry out in order to help the child to thrive and develop. In addition to this it is also mandatory to have good punctuality because many people will be relying on you within that setting, For example if you’re not on time and it is your duty to set up for an activity then another member of staff will have to undertake that duty, as a result other members of staff will dub you as being unreliable and incompetent. As well as punctuality it is also imperative that you maintain a good attitude to work whilst in the establishment as this shows a high standard of professionalism. For example when working In a childcare setting it is important that you try to have a positive outlook and have strong motivation as it is known that children will pick up on others behaviour, so if you’re having a bad day and you’re are moody and not very motivated then the children and even the adults may pick up on that and feel that if the teachers feeling like that maybe I should be to. It is important that as a practitioner that you fully understand and are aware of children’s development. This is mandatory because if you weren’t aware of a child’s development you may set them activities that aren’t age and stage appropriate, as a result of this children may become frustrated and annoyed that they either cant complete it or that the set activity is to easy and therefore they aren’t being stimulated cognitively which can lead to a lack of progress in relation to cognitive growth. As well as being aware of age and stage appropriate activities it is also important that you fully understand the developmental norms of that particular age as then you can compare them to see whether they are developing at the average rate, although bearing in mind not all children develop at the same rate, the developmental norms will just give an indication of where they should be developmentally, many theorists have theories regarding development one of these theorists is Jean Piaget ‘Theorist Jean Piaget suggested that children think differently than adults and proposed a stage theory of cognitive development. He was the first to note that children play an active role in gaining knowledge of the world. According to his theory, children can be thought of as "little scientists" who actively construct their knowledge and understandingof the world’. (http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/childdevtheory.htm) (Date accessed 23/03/2012) Thus, by recognising what is expected throughout the growth and development stages you then learn how to ascertain any possible red flags that may eventually lead to possible deficits in relation to their development. Another professional practice which is essential when working in a childcare setting is the understanding of a child’s behaviour. This is important because if you don’t understand why a child is doing something you may presume why they are behaving in such a manner. An example of this may be a child aged 2 has come into nursery and has begun to hit out at the children, if you didn’t understand this type of behaviour you may just presume that he has hit the terrible twos stage and is trying to test his boundaries, but really at home his parents are physically fighting, he has seen it and is therefore trying to emulate that type of unwanted behaviour, this would occur because as role models that child looks up to them and may believe that the way they act is the way...