Level 2

Topics: First aid, Wound, Medical emergencies Pages: 6 (1470 words) Published: February 2, 2013
2Unit 6: Paediatric emergency first aid
1.1-Identify the responsibilities of a paediatric first aider The responsibilities of a paediatric first aider are to preserve life, limit the effects of the condition- especially in blood loss and to aid prompt recovery. Role of the first aider

* Adequate first aid equipment- first aid box is up to date * Administer first aid when necessary
* Report the incident- either to the manager or 999 depending on seriousness * Review situation to make sure treatment is correct
* Review to make sure your treatment is working
* First aid needs to be prompt, effective and safe to both the casualty and first aider 1.2-Describe how to minimise the risk of infection to self and others You can minimise the risk of infection by using personal protective equipment. PPE includes: * Gloves

* Face shield
* Apron
* Mask
* Effective washing of hands
1.3-Describe suitable first aid equipment, including personal protection and how it is used appropriately. There is no definite guide to the content of a first aid kit but as a guide you will expect to see: * 2 sterile eye pads

* 20 individually wrapped sterile dressings
* 4 individually wrapped triangular bandages
* 6 safety pins
* 6 medium sized and individually wrapped sterile and non-medicated wound dressings * 2 large sized and individually wrapped sterile and non-medicated wound dressings * At least 1 pair of disposable gloves

* No tablets or medicines
1.5-Define an “infant” and a “child” for the purposes of first aid treatment An infant is classed as baby under the age of 12 months and a child is aged 1-5 years. 2.1-Demonstrate how to conduct a scene survey

* Look for any danger
* Assess the casualty
* Shout for help
* Use passers-by effectively
* Begin first aid
4.3-Describe how to deal with an infant and a child who is experiencing a seizure (unit 2, 4.2 B) Recognising a febrile convulsion
* Violent muscle thrusting
* Clenched fists
* Arched back
* Signs of a fever e.g. hot flushed skin and sweating
* Twitching of the face
* Squinting
* Upturned eyes
* Fixed glaze
* Holding breath
* Red puffy face
* Drooling at the mouth
* Loss of senses/consciousness
Treating a febrile convulsion
* Place soft cushions or padding around child to prevent injuries from movements * Remove any covering or clothes to allow cold fresh air to circulate * Sponge the child’s skin with tepid water starting at forehead * Once seizures have stopped open the child’s airway by putting them in the recovery position * If necessary dial 999

* Reassure the child and monitor vital signs until help arrives *Treat a child and infant the same*
Seizures in general
* Place cushions around them wherever possible
* Loosen clothing around neck area especially
* Once seizures stopped open airway by putting them in the recovery position * Dial 999 if necessary
5.1-Differentiate between a mild and severe airway obstruction With a mild airway obstruction the patient will be able to cough but will have difficulty in breathing and making any noise. With a severe airway obstruction the patient will be unable to cough or to make any noise or breath and this will lead to unconsciousness. 5.3-Describe the procedure to be followed after administering the treatment for choking After you have administered the choking procedure 3 times you should call for an ambulance and then continue the treatment for choking. 6.1-Describe common types of wounds

Abrasion (graze)
An abrasion is a superficial wound in which the top layers of skin has been scrapped off leaving a roar tender area. These are often caused by a sliding fall or a friction burn and can contain embedded foreign particles that may result in infection. Incised wound

This is caused by a clean cut from a sharp edged object such as a razor; blood vessels are cut straight...
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