Leukemia

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Every year, leukemia strikes 2,500 children. Most children are diagnosed with acute leukemia. Acute leukemia can cause patients to live only for a few weeks or a few months after the disease was detected. Acute lymphocytic leukemia is the most easily cured leukemia. Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a fast developing disease that affects the patient’s lymphocytes. The signs of acute lymphocytic leukemia are weight-loss, low fevers, unusual tiredness, shortness of breath, joint pain, or spots on the body. To diagnose leukemia, there would be a blood and bone marrow test. If the bone marrow test is positive, a follow-up test is performed. A spinal top is tested to see if the disease has spread to the central nervous system. The treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia are either chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy uses chemicals to treat a disease. Aminopterin is used in chemotherapy. Aminopterin can temporary bring remission. Remission means that all symptoms disappeared and no abnormal white blood cells can be found in the bone marrow or the bloodstream. Radiation therapy uses radiation from X-rays or radioactive materials.

Leukemia can affect anybody at any age. The most common type of leukemia for adults are chronic lymphocytic and acute myelocytic. Chronic lymphocytic is a malignancy that takes hold along the line of B cell differentiation in about 98 percent of cases. Acute myelocytic is characterized by a prominent overproduction of abnormal granulocytes or less differentiated myeloid cells. Chronic lymphocytic only occurs in adults does not occur in children, it mainly occurs in elderly males. This leukemia progresses very slowly and rarely needs to be treated. To diagnose chronic lymphocytic leukemia the blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, ad spinal fluid would have to be tested. To classify the disease, the blood would be tested and compared. It can be treated by waiting, radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, or targeted therapy. Acute myelocytic...
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