Letter from Birmingham Jail

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While Martin Luther King Jr. was in Birmingham Jail because of leading the protested segregation in Birmingham’s downtown stores and restaurants, he wrote the famous “Letter form Birmingham Jail” to respond local clergy’s criticism towards the public. According to the excerpt from King’s “Letter”, he disappointed with white moderate. Because King thought white moderate, who respected the “order” rather than justice, blocked the progress of freedom. He would like white moderate to understand law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and the tension is necessary for progress. King also questioned clergyment’s logic of blaming the victim. It not made sense that being condemned just because they precipitated violence. Many white Christians knew that colored people would receive equal right eventually, but it’s in too great a religious hurry. However, King thought time itself is neutral and it’s an inevitable trend to be. Silence was as bad as hateful words and actions, so we should use time creatively with any effort we could do. To response about extreme, King tried to stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of complacency made up of Negroes as a result of long years of oppression. The other force is one of bitterness and hatred and comes perilously close to advocating violence. “It is made up of people who have lost faith in America, who have absolutely repudiated Christianity, and who have concluded that the white man is an incurable “devil””, as he wrote. Take it into a religious view, Jesus Christ was also an extremist for love, truth and goodness. The point is to choose a right way to express as extremists. King had hoped that white moderate could understand the meaning of social revolution and commit themselves to it. He hold the belief that “all men are created equal” through his whole life.
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