Leopoldo Alas

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Leopoldo Alas
Leopoldo García-Alas y Ureña (25 April 1852 – 13 June 1901), also known as Clarín, was a Asturian realist novelist born in Zamora. He died in Oviedo.

Alas spent his childhood living in León and Guadalajara, until he moved to Oviedo in 1865. There he studied Bachillerato (high school) and began his law studies. He lived in Madrid from 1871 to 1878, where he began his career as a journalist (adopting the pen-name "Clarín" in 1875) and he graduated with the thesis El Derecho y la Moralidad (Law and Morality) in 1878. He taught in Zaragoza from 1882 to 1883. In 1883 he returned to Oviedo to take up a position as professor of Roman law.

Above all, Clarín is the author of La Regenta, his masterpiece and one of the best novels of the 19th century. It is a long work, similar to Flaubert's Madame Bovary, one of its influences. Other influences included Naturalism and Krausism, a philosophical current which promoted the cultural and ethical regeneration of Spain.

La Regenta is special for its great wealth of characters and secondary stories, while the main character's description is left slightly unfocused and vague. On the other hand, the downfall of the provincial lady has place amidst two very diverse suitors: the most handsome man in the city and the cathedral's priest. The depiction of this priest is a key part of the book.

For the description of the provincial atmosphere and the city's collective life, Clarín used techniques such as the internal monologue or the free indirect style, which makes the story be narrated by the characters themselves and allows the reader to penetrate in their intimacy.

Works

▪ La Regenta (The Regent's Wife) (1884–85) [Novel]
▪ Su único hijo (His Only Son) (1890) [Novel]
▪ Doña Berta (1892)
▪ ¡Adiós, Cordera! (1892)
▪ Cuentos morales (Moral Stories) (1896)
▪ El gallo de Sócrates (Socrates' Rooster) (1900)

Essays

▪ "Solos de Clarín" (1881)
▪ "La literatura en 1881" (1882)
▪...
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