Leonhard Euler, (born April 15, 1707, died Sept. 18, 1783), was the most prolific mathematician in history. His 866 books and articles represent about one third of the entire body of research on mathematics, theoretical physics, and engineering mechanics published between 1726 and 1800. In pure mathematics, he integrated Leibniz's differential calculus and Newton's method of fluxions into mathematical analysis; refined the notion of a function; made common many mathematical notations, including e, i, the pi symbol, and the sigma symbol; and laid the foundation for the theory of special functions, introducing the beta and gamma transcendal functions. He also worked on the origins of the calculus of variations, but withheld his work in deference to J. L. Lagrange. He was a pioneer in the field of topology and made number theory into a science, stating the prime number theorem and the law of biquadratic reciprocity. In physics he articulated Newtonian dynamics and laid the foundation of analytical mechanics, especially in his Theory of the Motions of Rigid Bodies (1765). Like his teacher Johann Bernoulli, he elaborated continuum mechanics, but he also set forth the kinetic theory of gases with the molecular model. With Alexis Clairaut he studied lunar theory. He also did fundamental research on elasticity, acoustics, the wave theory of light, and the hydromechanics of ships.
Euler was born in Basel, Switzerland. His father, a pastor, wanted his son to follow in his footsteps and sent him to the University of Basel to prepare for the ministry, but geometry soon became his favorite subject. Through the intercession of Bernoulli, Euler obtained his father's consent to change his major to mathematics. After failing to obtain a physics position at Basel in 1726, he joined the St. Petersburg Academy of Science in 1727. When funds were withheld from the academy, he served as a medical lieutenant in the Russian navy from 1727 to 1730. In St....
...LeonhardEuler (17071783) Switzerland
Euler may be the most influential mathematician who ever lived (though some would make him second to Euclid); he ranks #77 on Michael Hart's famous list of the Most Influential Persons in History. His colleagues called him "Analysis Incarnate." Laplace, famous for denying credit to fellow mathematicians, once said "Read Euler: he is our master in everything." His notations and methods in...
...LeonhardEulerEuler, Leonhard (170783), Swiss mathematician, whose major work was done in the
field of pure mathematics, a field that he helped to found. Euler was born in
Basel and studied at the University of Basel under the Swiss mathematician
Johann Bernoulli, obtaining his master's degree at the age of 16. In 1727, at
the invitation of Catherine I, empress of Russia, Euler became a member of the...
...LeonhardEuler (/ˈɔɪlər/ oiler;[2] German pronunciation: [ˈɔʏlɐ] ( listen), local pronunciation: [ˈɔɪlr̩] ( listen); 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of amathematical function.[3] He...
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LeonhardEuler 
A short biography 

Jessica Fleming 
3/4/2013 

LeonhardEuler (15 April, 1707 18 September, 1783) was a Swiss mathematician and physicist. Born in Basel Switzerland, later moved to neighboring town, Riehen, Euler attended a rather poor school that taught no mathematics. His father having studied theology at the University of Basil managed to teach him some, which ignited an...
...Euler and Hamiltonian Circuits
As I type this sentence millions of students all over the country are in their math class either a) struggling to open their eyelids or b) tapping their fingers due to boredom and impatience. They have all failed to understand how the topic would later come of use. Although mathematics may seem to be “unnecessary” it teaches our brains to strategize, and think differently through the use of trial and error and problem solving. Most individuals...
...LeonhardEulerLeonhardEuler was born on the fifteenth day of April in the year seventeen hundred and seven, in Basel, Switzerland. He was considered one of the best scientists, and mathematicians to ever walk on the planet earth. He created over nine hundred publications, and was a member of the prestigious Petersburg Academy of Sciences. His studies include topics on shipbuilding, acoustics, optics, astronomy, mechanics, and...
...LeonhardEuler, a Swiss mathematics and physics genius, was born on April 15, 1707 in Basel Switzerland, and died on September 18, 1783 in Saint Petersburg. Before he died he has done many great things. He introduced mathematical notations, shorthand trigonometric functions, and the idea of function and how it is written(f(x)). He also invented the symbol pi (π) for the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, the ‘e’ for the base of the natural...
...Paul Euler and Margaret Brucker gave birth to a son and named him Leonhard. When Leonhard was one year old he and his family moved to Riehen. It was in Riehen where Leonhard was brought up. Leonhard's father had some mathematical training from the University of Basel where he had studied theology. Paul was able to teach Leonhard elementary math and other subjects. Leonhard was later sent to live with his...
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