Lend Me Your Ears

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KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

1

BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

THE ENGLISH SOUND SYSTEM

24 CONSONANTS

20 VOWELS
PHONEMES

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

2

BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Short Vowel Sounds
/ɪ/ (ship) /e/ (pen)

bin

pen

pin
sit /ʌ / (cup) cup hut bun

ten
bell /æ/ (man) pan man bag
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Short Vowel Sounds
/ə/ (a camera)
a camera a glass a book /ʊ/ (book) book /ɒ/ (clock)

hot
cot top

cook
look
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Consonants /p/ (pen) pen pencil paper
voiceless

/b/ (baby)
bin box bear
voiced

/d/ (door) door

/t/ (tin)
tin

duck
doll
voiced
voiceless
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

tail
ten

Consonants /k/ (key) car cup cat
voiceless

/g/ (girl)
goat girl glass
voiced

/v/ (van)
/f/ (fin)

fin
five

van vase veil
voiced
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

four
voiceless

Consonants /θ/ (thin) thin thumb thick
voiceless

/ð/ (than)
they there those
voiced

/z/ (zoo) /s/ (sun) zoo

sun
sit

zip
zebra
voiced
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

sand
voiceless

Consonants /h/ (hat) hill heel hand
voiceless

/m/ (mouth)
me met moon
voiced

/n/ (nose) nose nine noise
voiced

/l/ (letter) low light line
voiced
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Consonants /r/ (wrong) right red rose
voiced

/j/ (yellow)

yolk
yam

yes
voiced

/ʒ/ (television) /w/ (window) television

we
wheel

treasure
garage
voiced
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

wet
voiced

Consonants /ʃ/ (shoe)

/tʃ/ (cherry)

chips
chin

she
shoe

cherry
voiceless

ship
voiceless

/ŋ/ (ring)
/dʒ/ (jam)

wing

jam

thing
wrong
voiced
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

jeep
jar
10

voiced

Long Monophthongs /ɜ:/ (girl) /i:/ (sheep) bird

heel
peel leek

turn
burn

/u :/ (boot) pool root tooth
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Long Monophthongs /a:/ (heart) march /ɔ:/ (ball) port fork tall card barn

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Diphthongs /eɪ/ (tail) tail pain wait /ɔɪ/ (boy)

/aɪ/ (fine) buy

tie
kite /aʊ/ (house) cow bow brow
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

oil
coin

toy

Diphthongs /əʊ/ (phone) float coat boat /eə/ (chair)

/ɪə/ (beer)
ear tear dear / ʊə / (sure) sure

air
pear

pure
cure
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

hair

Phonics
• an approach to teaching reading • aims at building foundational skills in beginning readers • use of phonics depends on the practitioners’ beliefs about reading

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Good Phonics Instruction should:
a. develop the alphabetic principle – the notion that letters in words stand for specific sounds b. develop phonological awareness – recognition of sounds in spoken words (phoneme awareness) c. provide a sound grounding in the letters – learning the shapes and names of letters d. provide sufficient practice in reading words – in isolation or in context e. lead automatic word recognition – phonics instruction is not the end but the means to help children read words automatically

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

17

BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Phoneme : /s/ Grapheme : s ss c 1. Form a cobra head with your hand. 2. Trace the letter ‘s’ in the air and, say s…

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA
BAHAGIAN PEMBANGUNAN KURIKULUM

Phoneme : /æ/
Grapheme :

a

Imagine a spider crawling up your arm and say eh…
KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

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