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The Applications and Limitations of Printable Batteries

A Senior Project presented to the Faculty of the Graphic Communications Department California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree

by Matthew Delmanowski June, 2010

© 2010 Matthew Delmanowski

Abstract
This study focuses on the potential applications for printed batteries and how they could affect the printing industry. It also analyzes the main problems associated with manufacturing this technology and what needs to be done to overcome these issues. To find the answers to these questions, two methods of research were used. The first was through the elite and specialized interviewing of Dr. Scott Williams of Rochester Institute of Technology and Professor Nancy Cullins from Cal Poly. The second form of research was a common, yet useful, method called secondary research. This entailed looking at recent written research papers about printable batteries to help find information and interpretations in order to draw conclusions. This study discovered some of the applications for printable batteries included advertising, disposable packaging, car batteries, and medical devices. The main issue that is delaying progress in this technology appears to be discrepancies in the ink formulation and setbacks in the materials. As for its impact on the printing industry, it was found that printable batteries probably wont have as much of a profound effect as previously thought. Though it will be a great product for the industry, it will most likely become a niche market for specialized printers.

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Table of Contents

Chapter I. II.

Page

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Literature Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

III. Research Methods and Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 IV. Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 V. Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

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The Applications and Limitations of Printable Batteries Chapter I – Introduction

Change is something that the printing industry has become quite accustomed to in recent decades. The methods used to manage print-related tasks have been adapted over time to meet modern needs, and the technologies used to produce printed materials are constantly being upgraded and enhanced. Examples of some of the major changes printers have weathered can be seen in the shift from lead type to phototypesetting in the 1960s, the desktop publishing revolution of the 1980s, and the dawn of the Internet in the 1990s. All these events have significantly affected those involved in printing and are a strong reminder of how one new idea can change entire industries. In 2010, the paradigms of the print industry continue to shift and expand in new directions, especially with the advent of newer technologies such as digital printing, variable-data printing, and carbon nanotechnology. Perhaps one of the most important of these changes will come from the advances in the area of printable electronics. This is the ability to print electronic components and circuits using conductive and dielectric inks that are applied directly onto a flexible substrate such as paper or plastic film. If this process is perfected, applications such as paper video displays, printable memory devices, and much more will become highly plausible. What might have once been only thought of as an idea out of a science fiction novel is now starting to become reality, and has a strong potential to cause another major revolution within the printing industry. As technology improves, these concepts of

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printable electronics are becoming ever more feasible. However, at the moment this...
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