Domestic Policy: Legalization of Gay Marriage in America
Texas State Technical College
Gay marriage has been legalized in 9 states and the District of Columbia (Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, Vermont, New Hampshire, Washington, and New York .) (Vestal, 2009) Policies had being made to support the equality among people to have marriage statues without being discriminated by their sexual orientation, although most are not what had traditionally has been called as “marriage”. Only the previous mentioned stated have issued marriage licenses to same sex-couple, while Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, New Jersey, Rhode Island allow civil unions One of the cons of the policy is that the uncertainty of the monogamy of homosexual couples, the fear that allowing this kind of unions will lead to interspecies marriages. The biggest fear though is that the traditionalism of the definition of marriage between a man and a woman would get lost (Marry, 2009). People that fight for the acceptance of same-sex marriage benefits, argue that what they are asking it is just the same rights as the heterosexual couples have; and that by not giving the same benefits, they are being discriminated. The first gay rights movement in the US began late one night in New York City at the Stonewall Inn following a police raid in 1969. From there on by the 70s the gay-rights activism fought for personal liberation and acceptance, since by the time the acceptance of the majority was not with the activist (Smith, 2006). The fight of the activists paid off when by 1973 the American Psychiatric Association declassified homosexuality as a mental disorder (Kaiser, 2002). Years after the gay community started to be more open about their status, the topic about same sex marriage came to float when in 1993 Hawaii’s Supreme Court had a 3-1 ruling saying that the state couldn’t ban same-sex marriage without “a compelling reason” to do so. The process was then obstructed since before the ruling, the people voted for a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriages. This event attracted the attention of the people that believed in equality for all, but it also from the people that oppose (Vestal, 2009). These second ones responded in the next ten years with the Defense of Marriage Acts (DOMAs) that literally defined that at the federal level, marriage is between a man and a woman; when Bill Clinton came into office, he sing the (DOMAs) into a law. The new law not only limited the marriage to be between a man and a woman, it also ensures that same-sex couples wouldn’t receive federal benefits given by heterosexual married couples (Marry, 2009). In response of the law, years after in Vermont, same-sex couples were entitle by the same benefits as heterosexual couples under civil unions. This was accomplished by the Vermont Supreme Court unanimous rule in Baker v. Vermont 1999. Although this was a huge step for the gay community, it lead to a major goal which was marriage. Four years after the ruling in Vermont, in Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court allow same-sex marriage. By 2004 the first legally recognize marriage in the US was celebrated by women in Cambridge. Even when this part event in 2004 brought a lot of hope, by then four states had also had banned gay marriages and by 2010, the number of states with constitutional bans when up to 30 (Bonauto, 2005). The support from the public towards the gay community has increase by the pass of the years when the community gets more culturally diverse and with an open mind day by day by the elimination of myths and old stereotypes about the homosexual community. In interviews by CNN held from May 29-31, 2012 resulted in 54% of the support that gay marriage “should be recognized as valid;” showing an increase in people supporting since 2008 when only 44% of the participants agreed (CNN, 2012). After many years DOMA was ruled unconstitutional by a Boston court. A Wall Street Journal reported that the...
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