Legal Requirement

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3. LEGAL & POLITICAL
Legal Requirement in a Host Country.
THAILAND

Thailand officially the Kingdom of Thailand formerly known as Siam is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest.

* TAXATION IN THE THAILAND
all taxes imposed on total income or on elements of income including taxes on gains from the alienation of movable or immovable property, taxes on the total amount of wages or salaries paid by enterprises

Personal income tax
An individual is regarded as a tax resident if he/she resides in Thailand at one or more time for an aggregate period of 180 days or more in any tax year.Corporate income taxCorporate Income Tax (CIT) is a direct tax levied on a juristic company or partnership carrying on business in Thailand or not carrying on business in Thailand but deriving certain types of income from Thailand.| | |

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Value added tax
Value Added Tax (VAT) is an indirect tax imposed on the consumption of goods and services. VAT is imposed on the value added of each stage of production and distribution of goods or services.

Specific business tax
   Specific Business Tax (SBT) is another kind of indirect tax introduced in 1992 to replace Business Tax. Certain businesses that are excluded from VAT will instead be subject to SBT.

Petroleum income tax
Petroleum Income Tax (PT) is a direct tax, levied annually (for each accounting period of 12 months duration) on net profit of a “petroleum taxpayer”, who is carrying out the business of petroleum exploration and production. It is also levied on the disposal of profits outside of Thailand. The rules and regulations for Petroleum Income Tax are covered under Petroleum Income Tax Act and other related law. The rates, penalties, surcharge, etc. are different from that of Corporate Income tax. An accounting period is normally 12 months. The Director General may grant permission for more or less than 12 months, if appropriately justified. The first accounting period shall begin on the day that the company makes its first sale or disposal of petroleum subject to royalty. This day is considered as the beginning date of the accounting period. An accounting period may be shorter than 12 months for the following case: | a)| if the company takes any day as the closing date of the first accounting period:| | b)| if the company ceases its petroleum business, the date of dissolution shall be the closing date of the accounting period:| | c)| if the company changes the closing date of an accounting period with the approval of the Director-General.| In the case the company transfers any rights under a concession prior to the beginning date of the first accounting period, this date of transfer shall be treated as the beginning and closing date of the accounting period.

Stamp duty

 Stamp duties are taxed on instruments and not on transactions or persons. For the purposes of stamp duty, an instrument is defined as any document chargeable with duty under the Revenue Code. The stamp duty rules are contained in Chapter VI of Title II of the Revenue Code.

Custom duties

Customs duty is levied on imported goods and is usually calculated as a percentage on the value of the goods (set in the schedules to the Customs and Excise Act). However meat, fish, tea, certain textile products and certain firearms attract rates of duty calculated either as a percentage of the value or as cents per unit (for example, per kilogram or metre).

Exercise tax
Exercise tax is imposed on the sale of a selected range of commodities whether manufactured locally or imported. Tax rates are based on...
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