Legal Issues in Reduction of Workforce
Candidates Key Concepts of employment law
Brian Carter Discrimination based on disabilities: The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits employer discrimination against job applicants or employees based on whether the employee had a disability in the past or whether the employee has any disabilities or is being regarded as having a disability. Physical and mental impairment includes physical disorders or conditions, disease, disfigurement, amputation affecting a vital body system, psychological disorders, mental retardation, mental illness, and learning disabilities. Major life activities include the ability to perform manual tasks such as to walk, see, hear, speak, learn, breathe, care for oneself, or work. (Reed, Shedd, Morehead, corley-2004 p 464)
Sarah Boyd Discrimination on the basis of age: Neither the Civil Rights Act nor the Equal Employment Opportunity Act forbids discrimination based on age. However, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act does. It prohibits employment discrimination against employees' ages 40 and older, and the mandatory retirement of these employees. The ADEA also invalidates retirement plans and labor contracts that violate the act. (Reed, Shedd, Morehead, corley-2004 p.462)
Carl Haimes Sexual Harassment: Hostile work environment is a sexual harassment, where coworkers make offensive sexual comments or propositions, engage in suggestive touching, show nude pictures, or draw sexual graffiti. (Reed, Shedd, Morehead, corley-2004 p.452)
Nora Manson The Civil Rights Act: Title VII prohibits discriminatory employment practices based on race or color that involve recruiting, hiring, and promotion of employees. (Reed, Shedd, Morehead, corley-2004 p.449)
Jenny Mills The Pregnancy Discrimination Act amended the Civil Rights Act in 1978. Under it, employers can no longer discriminate against women workers who become pregnant or give birth. Thus, employers with health or disability... [continues]
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