Legal Human Rights Essay

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Human Rights – Child Recruitment

Across the world tens of thousands of boys and girls are denied their basic human rights, these children are abducted from their homes, schools or on the streets. Child recruitment is defined by the Paris Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups as ” the use of any children under the age of 18 who has been recruited by a state or non-state armed group to be used to participate in combat or in other circumstances used as spies, messengers, servants, human shields, suicide bombings or to lay landmines”. Many of the girls that have been abducted for recruitment are subjected to sexual assault and they are all at risk of death. Child recruitment takes place in over 18 different countries and it has become a global issue with many countries beginning to take widespread action. When evaluating the effectiveness of legal and non legal measures in addressing child recruitment both domestically and internationally it becomes clear that international recognition and enforceability is limited whilst in Australia there are many mechanisms to ensure the problem is contained.

Internationally Child Recruitment remains a large problem. Whilst it is recognised as a problem a lack of enforceability means that organisations such as UNICEF ( The United Nations Children Fund) have little or no power in countries that accept the recruitment of children to be used for work or the army. This problem is largely due to state sovereignty,It allows every country to have independence and freedom on how they will run their country without any international interference. Although there is no law that affects all countries over the world, government organisations such as UNICEF are able to put pressure on countries that are recruiting children, Statistics found by the international child soldiers organisation show that in 2002, It has been estimated that over 2 million children have been killed in armed...
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