The legal and regulatory framework for environmental protection in India
Over the years, together with a spreading of environmental consciousness, there has been a change in the traditionally-held perception that there is a trade-off between environmental quality and economic growth as people have come to believe that the two are necessarily complementary. The current focus on environment is not new—environmental considerations have been an integral part of the Indian culture. The need for conservation and sustainable use of natural resources has been expressed in Indian scriptures, more than three thousand years old and is reflected in the constitutional, legislative and policy framework as also in the international commitments of the country. Even before India’s independence in 1947, several environmental legislation existed but the real impetus for bringing about a well-developed framework came only after the UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972). Under the influence of this declaration, the National Council for Environmental Policy and Planning within the Department of Science and Technology was set up in 1972. This Council later evolved into a full-fledged Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) in 1985 which today is the apex administrative body in the country for regulating and ensuring environmental protection. After the Stockholm Conference, in 1976, constitutional sanction was given to environmental concerns through the 42 nd Amendment, which incorporated them into the Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights and Duties. Since the 1970s an extensive network of environmental legislation has grown in the country. The MoEF and the pollution control boards (CPCB i.e. Central Pollution Control Board and SPCBs i.e. State Pollution Control Boards) together form the regulatory and administrative core of the sector. A policy framework has also been developed to complement... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2010, 12). Legal Framework of Environment Protection in India. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 12, 2010, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Legal-Framework-Of-Environment-Protection-In-529652.html
"Legal Framework of Environment Protection in India" StudyMode.com. 12 2010. 12 2010 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Legal-Framework-Of-Environment-Protection-In-529652.html>.
"Legal Framework of Environment Protection in India." StudyMode.com. 12, 2010. Accessed 12, 2010. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Legal-Framework-Of-Environment-Protection-In-529652.html.