Nova Southeastern University
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Table of Contents
Abstract (Natalie Rondon)3
Introduction ( Natalie Rondon)4
Legal Section (Franciso Amado)5
Utilitarian Ethical Analysis (Kyle Lozito)8
Kantian Ethical Analysis (Christian Varillas)14
Additional Ethical Analysis (Natalie Rondon).18
Social Responsibility Section (Shriley Simmonds).20
Conclusion (Natalie Rondon).25
This is a library research paper on the integrating values of Wal-Marts to sex discrimination and pay lawsuits that Wal-Mart has encountered over the years. The paper will discuss the legality of the situation and how Wal-Mart might be able to fix the issues that they are having. The paper will also discuss Utilitarian ethical analysis, Kantian ethical analysis and Socrates and the Socratic method. It will go into detail if Wal-Mart as a company has acted ethical or moral against its employees based on the ethical analysis just listed. Social Responsibility will also be discussed and will be given examples on if Wal-Mart gives back to the community or other organiztions.
Wal-Mart has seen lawsuits after lawsuits over the years. Why has this been occurring to them? Are they a bad company, immoral or unethical? Is Wal-Mart actually committing illegal crimes? This will be discussed using one main lawsuit as an example and others to point out more facts. The lawsuit consists of Wal-Mart being sued by six different women in 2001 due to sex discrimination on promotions and pay. The case shows studies made on the amount of women who work for Wal-Mart and all the positions that they hold. Not many of them are in upper management and if they are they make less than a man in the same position. Just because there are statistic studies does not mean that what the case is stating is true. That will be determined in court. Wal-Mart has countered that the statistics shown were not fair due to size in stores and the state the store was located. The term paper will be able to answer if Wal-Mart was truly being unethical, acting illegal and not socially responsible. It will discuss Utilitarian, Kantian, and Socrates philosophy and how they can be used to determine Wal-Mart’s true morality.
Within the last century, the U.S. Government has made extensive efforts to regulate and meet the needs/wants of the labor force with legislation seeking a fair and level ground for men and women. In 1938, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) was signed into law. This law introduced the minimum wage, the maximum hours allotted for a work week, facilitated time-and-a-half for certain jobs that went over 45 hours. In addition, the FLSA did away with the employment of minors.
In 1963, the Equal Pay Act (EPA) was signed into legislation. This act amended the Fair Labor Standards Act, intended for abolishing the wage separation based on sex. The law required that people regardless of sex would be paid the same wage for the same work, skill, and/or responsibility, which are to be performed under the same working conditions as stated in Facts (2012). Conversely, once the burden shifts to the employer in a case of unequal pay in an establishment, the employer does have several defenses, which include: a seniority system, a merit system, a production system where earnings are based on quantity or quality, and any factor other...