Legal Environment of Business

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  • Topic: European Union, European Parliament, Treaty of Lisbon
  • Pages : 7 (1614 words )
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  • Published : May 9, 2010
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BАBS
Legal environment of business

Home Assignment

Seminar leader: Margit Racz

Student name: Nurlаn S. Kurmаlаyеv

Contents

1. Introduction………………………………..……………..…….…………3 2. The constitutional order of Hungary……..……………..…………..…….3 1. Legislation…………………………..…………..………………… 3 2. Execution tasks……….......................................................................3 3. Judicial power…………………….……………..….……………...4 3. The constitutional order of the EU……….……………...….…………….4 1. Legislation………………….………………….…………..……….4 2. Execution tasks…………………………..………….…..………….5 3. Judicial power………………………………………….….………..5 4. Conclusions (similarities + differences)……………….………………….6 5. Reference………………………………………………….………………7

Introduction

Aim
Law is a system of rules usually enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a primary social mediator of relations between people. The aim of this assignment is to review and make comparative analysis of the constitutional order of the Republic of Hungary and European Union.

Objective of this work:
• Give clear understanding about the constitutional order of Hungary and European Union • Highlight differences and similarities
• Make a conclusion

The constitutional order of Hungary

Legislation

Hungarian Parliament is unicameral, 386 –member highest organ of the state authority who ensures the constitutional order of society and determines orientation, organization and conditions of Government. Its members are elected for four-year term. The main tasks are initiation new laws, passing laws, electing public persons and approving budget. Only Parliament has exclusive right to pass the law. After passing the laws the Speaker of Parliament sign the law and send it to President of the Hungary. The President ensures promulgation of the law. Then the law must be promulgated in the Official Gazette.

The main tasks and responsibilities:
• Passing the law
• Ensures the implementation of the laws
• Electing public persons (President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, the General Prosecutor, the members of the Constitutional Court, the President and Vice-Presidents of the State Audit Board, the President of the Supreme Court and the ombudsmen) • Approving budget

• Concluding international agreements
• Ensures the elaboration of economical, cultural and social plans and control of their implementation • Coordinates the work of national organs and ministries

Execution tasks
Execution tasks are managed by Government. And this authority divides into two: central and local level. The central authority - is central policy-making and its main executive bodies. The members of the government are Prime Minister and the ministers. Role of the Prime Minister is very high he is responsible for all government policies including activities of other members of the government. As a mention above he elected by Parliament. Other members also responsible for their works and must report on their activities to the Parliament and Government itself.

The main tasks and responsibilities:
• Initiating new laws
• Controlling and supervising the legal operation of local government in cooperation with the Minister of the Internal Affairs • Ensure the implementation of the law
• Directing and coordinating the work of the ministries and other central offices placed under its direct supervision • Formulating the social and economic policies, defining the state system of social welfare and health care services, and ensuring sufficient funds for such services • Controlling the armed forces operations

Judicial power

Hungarian justice is administered by the courts. Aims of these courts are to protect the rights and lawful interests of citizens, ensure constitutional order and punish...
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