Legal - Effectiveness of the Criminal Justice System

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Within the criminal justice system discuss the effectiveness of legal and non-legal measures in achieving justice. The criminal justice system within Australia is the means through which those who break rules stipulated within legislation and legal regulations are brought to justice in the form of punishment. The legal and non-legal measures implemented are applied across all aspects of crime. The legal measures include all institutions and processes enabled by law to deal with aspects of the criminal justice system. Non-legal measures include diversionary programs such as restorative justice. The use of non-legal measure in achieving justice is generally seen when dealing with young offenders. It is used in an attempt to allow the rehabilitation and enable the reintegration of young offenders into society. Non-legal measures allow society to contribute to the criminal justice system, generating a sense of involvement resulting in satisfaction concerning the operation and procedures of the criminal justice system.

The criminal investigation process is the process through which various law enforcement institutions investigate crimes committed in an attempt to prosecute the offenders and achieve some means of justice. There are both legal and non-legal measures in place, which have been implemented and contribute to the effectiveness of the criminal investigation process. Police are given powers to aid in the implementation of legislation through the Law Enforcement (Powers and Responsibilities) Act 2002 (NSW) and the Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control) Act 2009 (NSW). Police have the responsibility to protect the community and enforce the law. However there has been criticism that the passing of the Crimes (Criminal Organisations Control) Act 2009 (NSW) is too harsh and provides police with powers that are too great. As technology becomes an increasingly common medium for crime police need to adapt to greater integrate technology into their processes used...
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