Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health and Social Care

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Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health and Social Care

This essay will discuss the student’s role within a residential care home in relation to legal and ethical aspects of health and social care. The essay will be looking at legislation that is in place to protect both the residents and staff of the home which is run for the care of young children. This will also look at values and ethics and why they are important. This will then go on to discuss the student’s role as a support worker and their duties towards the residents. This essay will also look at ethics and values and how we learn these throughout our lives.

Ethics is about making commitment towards positive values to help with the well being of the individuals within the society Warnock (19980) cited in (Banks 2006). Ethics refers to beliefs and value system to moral community, social and professionals groups.  To live in the society and to have flourishing people within the society individuals must have rules and regulations in place so that people can be prevented from any kind of harm and so that they can live a healthy life style. Ethics promotes education and training to assist individuals to develop the skills needed to compete and to achieve the response for moral action. Warnock (19980) cited in (Banks 2006) states that are three types of ethics and these are Metaethics which relates to moral judgement, it comprises of critical and analytical thinking of whether something is good, right or duty. Normative ethics is about morals; it attempts to find answers for problems for example the morally right of action in some cases could be if an individual is a morally good human being or if lying is always wrong.  Descriptive ethics is about individual’s moral opinions, beliefs and how people would react with certain issues. For example in Britain people always morally believe that abortion is wrong.

Values are about the standards of evil and good and they govern people’s choices and behaviour.  People’s values are derived from the government and the society Timms (1983) cited in Banks (2006).  Values are mostly used to refer to moral cultural, religion, ideological beliefs, attitudes, political, options and preferences.  Values can be regarded as several types of beliefs that individuals hold about what is valuable or worthy. Giddens (1993) cited in Kirby et al (2000) sates that values can be seen as a fundamental belief that underpins communities, societies and provide general principle for the human behaviour. 

Individuals are socialised through the family, community, peer groups, education and mass media.  According to Giddens (1993) cited in Kirby et al (2000) there are two types of socialisation: primary and secondary socialisation.  Primary socialisation is given to the child from parents, grandparents and siblings.  This involves learning the basics of communication and the language the child is born in.  This is the first stage in a lifelong process and the child is taught the basic norms and values. Secondary socialisation is followed on from primary socialisation and this is given through many multiplicities of agencies that involve in secondary socialisation. This is given through education, religion, mass media, peer groups and books.  Children who are socialised will know how to behave and to interact with people from different backgrounds and will learn to become independent and acquire both personal and social identity.   

I do voluntary work at a private residential care home which is not a part of the NHS.  The home provides twenty four hour care for young people.  It also has the facilities for an onsite private school, where the young people are provided with an education according to their ability.  Some of the young people have never been to school or have had a fractured education.  The principle teacher plans lessons for each individual young person and provides one to one to support to help them meet their education...
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