Left Brain, Right Brain

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The idea that the left and right brain exhibits different pattern of thought has caught the public attention and have inspired several educational theories, notably “Eight ways of knowing” by David Lazear, and numerous other self-help books. Hopefully at the end of this paper we all will have a better understanding about the left and right brain and when trauma is introduce to it, how it implicates the learning process and how rehabilitation can help families and patient cope with the issues at hand. When you have a better understanding of how the brain works, you will understand how to work on the issues that have presented it when either side of the brain has been affected. People have two different sides of their brain, the left side and the right side, and each of these sides have control over the two different modes. Each person usually prefers one mode over the other, or in other words they like to use one side of their brain more than they like to use the other. Each side of the brain, hemispheres, controls the different ways that people think. The left side of the brain or left hemisphere controls logical, language skills, sequential, rational, analytical, and objective thinking. It also looks at different parts of an object rather than the object as a whole. The right side of the brain or right hemisphere controls random, intuitive, global holistic processing, subjective thinking, reading faces, music, expressed emotions and the discrimination of shapes( singsurg.org/brain/rightbrain.php). It also helps in a synthesizing way of thinking, and it looks at different things as a whole rather than a certain part of an object. Some people have adapted duality, or both of these ways of thinking. But schools usually tend to favor the left-brain mode of thinking.

The students that attend these schools are forced to focus on logical thinking, analysis, and accuracy. While the right-brained students still focus on aesthetics, feeling, and creativity, they are forced to try and adapt a little bit to the left-brain way of thinking (singsurg.org/brain/rightbrain.php). This is how left-brain and right brain thinking impacts learning. In school curriculum, in order to be more "whole-brained" they need to offer equal amounts of subjects those students can be good at, no matter which side of their brain they just happen to use (Turgeon, M. (1988). In order to make this fair to students, no matter what side of their brain they use on a day to day basis, teachers should use different styles of teaching, such as more hands on stuff, lecturing, and the use of visual pictures. This should help both left and right-brained students excel in the studies. Traumatic brain injury, (TBI) may result in lifelong impairments of an individual's physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning, which severely impacts the injured person's life, their families, and significant other. A major limitation within the field of TBI rehabilitation is the narrow focus of current medical restoration approaches; the focus tends to be on enhancing capabilities of the person with TBI to help them adapt to life circumstance. However new models of rehabilitation emphasizes the parallel importance of environmental modification in order to create enabling condition for the individual. A multidisciplinary approach is the key to helping people reclaim their lives and identity. Before discussing how rehabilitation can help people with traumatic brain injuries, an over view of basic brain physiology will follow as well as static's.

Most TBI individuals suffer closed head injuries that cause both focal and diffuse damage. Focal trauma happens when the brain bounce against the inside irregular contours and bony ridges inside the skull causing tears, hemorrhages or bruise. Diffuse trauma occurs when the nerve fibers through the brain stem and into the brain are stretched or torn.

Both diffuse and focal injuries affect multiple systems but the...
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