Grand Canyon University
October 17, 2010
In the classroom there are three major learning perspectives. The three perspectives are: Cognitive Psychology, Behaviorism, and Social Cognitive Theory.
Cognitive psychology is a subdiscipline of psychologyexploring internal mental processes. It is the study of how people perceive, remember, think, speak, and solve problems. Cognitive psychology is radically different from previous psychological approaches in two key ways. ·It accepts the use of the scientific method, and generally rejects introspection as a valid method of investigation, unlike symbol-driven approaches such as Freudian psychology. ·It explicitly acknowledges the existence of internal mental states (such as belief, desireand motivation) unlike behaviorist psychology. In its early years, critics held that the empiricism of cognitive psychology combined with its acceptance of internal mental states was contradictory. However, the sibling field of cognitive neuroscience has provided evidence of physiological brain states which directly correlate with mental states. In that sense, cognitive neuroscience has vindicated the central assumption of cognitive psychology.
Behaviorism, also called the learning perspective (where any physical action is a behavior), is a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things that organisms do—including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors. The behaviorist school of thought maintains that behaviors as such can be described scientifically without recourse either to internal physiological events or to hypothetical constructs such as the mind. Behaviorism comprises the position that all theories should have observational correlates but that there are no philosophical differences between publicly observable processes (such as actions) and privately observable processes (such as thinking and feeling)....