University of Phoenix Material
Introduction to Psychology Worksheet
Complete each part with 100- to 200-word responses. The word count for individual questions may vary but your responses should total 500- to 800-words for the entire worksheet.
Part I: Origins of Psychology
Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. Describe three major psychological perspectives and name at least one leading theorist for each.
Three common psychological perspectives are behaviorist perspective, psychodynamic Perspective, and humanism. Behaviorist perspective is unlike other perspectives because it focuses on the vision of individuals and creatures as controlled by their setting and precisely that humans are the outcome of what we have seen or learned from our environment. Behaviorism is ideal with in what ways environmental influences stimuli affect apparent behavior which is the reaction. Behaviorist tactic suggests two key methods whereby individuals learn from their environment: namely classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical Conditioning was studied by the Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov. Classical conditioning involves learning by association, and operant conditioning includes learning from the consequences of actions.B.F. Skinner examined operant conditioning of intentional and unintentional actions. Sigmund Freud is the founder of psychodynamic perspective. Sigmund Freud believes that happenings in our childhood can have a major influence on our actions as adults. Freud as well held ideas that people have little to minimum free self-control to make decisions in life. Instead our actions are determined by the unconscious mind and youthful experiences. Humanism is a common perspective. Humanistic psychology is a mental viewpoint that gives emphasis to the vision of the entire individual (known as holism). Humanistic psychologists look at human actions not only...
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