Learning English Morphology for Efl Learners

Topics: Morpheme, Affix, Word Pages: 5 (1864 words) Published: August 11, 2012
Generally, we can mention that EFL (English as a Foreign Language) learners are those who learn English tend to achieve the particular purpose. For example, they can use English when travelling or to communicate with other people from whatever country, who also speak English. We can classify the students of English department into EFL learners, too. So, they need to be able to speak English well. One of the foremost aspect in speaking English is we have to understand about morphology, so that we can speak English easily. That’s why we need to learn English morpholgy as an EFL learners. This essaytries to explain about how to learn English morphology, especially for EFL learners. Before we straight to the ways that can be applied in learning morphology, we have to know about morphology first.  Morphology can be defined as "a branch of linguistics concerned with analyzing the structure of words. The morphology of a given word is its structure or form" (Baldick, 2001). Actually, from the meaning above, we can conclude that morphology is the branch of linguistics that focused on the study of structure and formation of words in a language. In this case, we focus on English morphology. Based on that definition, we get the purposes of learning morphology that we are going to study about what the words in a language are, what the function of words, and how the words can be formed. Overall, we can say that this essay can help us to know and give the knowledge about some ways and tips to learn morphology easily. We can get many advantages of learning English morphology. They are : the knowledge of morphology can be applied among the learners to increase our vocabulary, detect the changes of word classes, know the word origins and enhances our mind to think creatively. Morphology can helps us as an EFL learner to increase our vocabulary, maybe we can combine morphemes to form a new word. As an EFL learners , we are newly exposed to the words in a variety of contexts . At school before, morphology is not being added together with the spelling curriculum. So now, we need to explore morphology by choose words or morpheme which will provide the most benefit for ourselves in order to create new words. Informally, word formation rules form new words. There are two types of word formation that are derivational and also compounding word. Compounding word is a word formation process that involves combining two free morphemes to form a new word in a single compound form. For example, a free morpheme girl is combined with another free morpheme; friend will form a new single word girlfriend. Girl is a free morpheme because it is a smallest meaningful unit of sound so do the word friend. In addition, both girl and friend are complete word forms in their own right before the compounding process has been applied, and later are treated as one form. In ordinary English spelling, compounds are sometimes spelled as single words, as in blackbird, blackboard. Sometimes the parts are connected by a hyphen, as in jig-saw and sometimes they are spelled as two words, as in chain saw, oil well. However, we are justified in classifying all such cases as compound words not considering their conventional spelling for a variety of reasons. The second type of word formation is derivation. Derivation involves the combination of free morpheme with affixes or suffixes. The most obvious word that use this type of combination is ‘learner', the free morpheme learn combined with suffix –er to form a new word ‘learner'. So, a new word formed will be our new vocabulary and it can help us understand English better. As we studied morphology, we knew that one of the advantages of learning morphology is its knowledge can help English learnerss in identifying the changes of word classes. A familiar distinction is that between nouns and verbs, and there are several ways that we can justify this in English. For example, learner is...
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