Learning Disabilities and Children
Learning disabilities are types of learning problems that can cause individuals to have difficulties in using their skills. The skills that are affected are speaking, writing, listening, and reading. Learning disabilities depend on an individual because a person who has disabilities is not necessary that he has the same learning disabilities with others. People who have learning disabilities such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia, may show challenges in their behavior, may experience struggles at school, and their development can be affected physically and psychologically.
People with dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia, may show signs of challenges in regard to their behavior. They may comprehend to show different actions from individuals and are not able to see the negative outcomes from their actions, they may not able to alter their behavior to different situations. Children who have low self-esteem usually show signs of weaknesses in their learning lifestyle. Other students may show forth signs of sitting in a specific place for any amount of time and will struggle to complete assignments given to them while sitting at their desks and will act out negative behaviors (Gerber, 2010). Dyslexia is a learning disability where an individual has difficulty in reading. It can be caused by a brain trauma and development of hormones (MedicineNet, 1996-2012). Dysgraphia is a mental activity of comprehending and synthesizing information. The cause is said to be due to a dysfunction of the brain main systems. Some characteristics can include bad handwriting, and lack of kinetics’ skills. Dyscalculia is a learning disability where one has difficulty with mathematics. Individuals with dyscalculia may have a hard time with math facts, counting, and telling time.
People with learning disabilities may also experience struggles at school. Children who have learning difficulties may struggle academically. Teachers and parents must understand that acquiring a learning difficulties can also affect a child socially that keep him from having a good relationship with friends and others. There is a negative impact on social skills of the child, but it varies depending on his behavior and characteristics. Children with learning disabilities struggle to develop a good social skill that is also known as social competence. ”Social competence refers to a person's interpersonal skills with family, friends, acquaintances, and authority figures, such as teachers and coaches” (Stanberry, 1998-2013). “The child can become frustrated by the difficulty in learning to read, and other problems can arise that disguise dyslexia. The child may show signs of depression and low self-esteem. Behavior problems at home as well as at school are frequently seen. The child may become unmotivated and develop a dislike for school. The child's success in school may be jeopardized if the problem remains untreated” (Medicine Net, 1996-2013).
People with dyslexia may have trouble with distinguishing between words that look or sound alike, understanding non-literal language such as jokes and idioms, picking up on non-verbal cues; participating properly in conversation, understanding directions/instructions, avoiding slips of the tongue, summarizing the main ideas in a story, article, or book, expressing ideas clearly, in a logical way and not getting bogged down in details, learning a foreign language and memorization. In reading, they may have trouble with using word analysis rather than guessing to figure out un familiar words, reading at a good pace and at an expected level, reading aloud with fluency and accuracy, keeping place while reading, recognizing printed words, finding enjoyment and as self-confident while reading. In writing, they may have trouble with spelling words correctly and consistently, using proper grammar, proofreading and self-correcting work, preparing outlines and organizing...
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