• Reading – 1 Learning and refection
Q: What is meant by Reflection?
A: Reflection is the mind’s conversation with itself.
Q: Why reflection is an important concept?
A: One of the most important things about refection is that it enables us to think about our own thinking, about what it is that we know or have experienced.
Q: The role of reflection is vital. Why is that?
A: Because it is the process whereby we become aware o f what we are thinking and able to change and adapt our ideas and understandings to take into account new learning.
Q: As part of course study, reflection requires two distinctive kinds of thinking. What are they? 1- Reflectiveness: to direct our attention onto our own thinking and abilities. This kind of reflection is essential in reviewing for ourselves the significance of the learning we are engaged in, its outcomes for us and the impact it makes on what we want to learn in future. 2- Critical analysis: meanings are questioned and theories tested out. This requires a framework of questions or some problem-solving activity to help you compare and contrast arguments and frameworks.
• Reading – 2 What is learning?
Q: Why learning is important?
1- It reminds us of the diversity there is in what and how people learn, and this can help to enlarge the repertoire of approaches we use ourselves. 2- Through appreciating the diverse requirements of different kinds of learning, we can review the effectiveness of the strategies we use ourselves to achieve specific outcomes.
Q: What is meant by learning?
A: Learning is an interactive process between (people ( and their social and physical environment) which results in changes to people’s knowledge, attitudes and practices.
Q: Give other meaning of learning?
1- A quantitative increase of knowledge.
3- The acquisition of facts and procedures for later use. 4- The abstraction of meaning.
5- An interpretative process for understanding reality.
6- Changing as a person.
• The first three categories in the list tend to emphasize the outcomes of learning knowledge, facts or procedures. • Fourth and fifth emphasize on process.
• The sixth conception again emphasizes process but with the emphasis on the person being different rather than having more knowledge or being able to do more things
Q: what are the dimensions of learning?
1- Process through which it happens.
2- Outcomes to which it leads.
Q: What does learning Process involve?
A: It involves:
1- Experiencing something and thinking through its meaning or implications. 2- Trial and error.
3- Talking to people.
4- Self-instruction vial books.
5- Software, audio and so on.
Q: What are the forms of Outcomes?
A: they can take the form of:
1- Changes to what you know.
2- Changes to what you can do.
3- Changes to how you value ideas and experiences.
Q: What are the sources of differences in learning processes? 1- Choices or preferences of the learner.
2- The context in which learning takes place.
3- The nature of what it is that we are trying to learn.
Q: What are the three kinds of learning (MUD)?
1- (M) ( Memorizing.
2- (U) (Understanding.
3- (D) ( Doing.
Q: What is meant by Memorizing?
A: Being able to remember things. It is important in all kinds of learning; you may need it if you try to remember certain definitions.
Q: What are the kinds of memorizing?
1- Rote: Memorizing the context as it is.
2- Applying certain framework and give reasons. To help us to recall that piece of information.
Q: Why it says that understanding is much more important than memorizing? A: Because this kind of learning which requires:
1- A willingness by the learner to work with ideas and concepts. 2- Making mistakes can be a helpful stage in this kind of learning because the mistakes can reveal what it is that is not understood. Such mistakes in...
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