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Unit 1: THE THREE SECTOR OF THE ECONOMY

The economy infrastructure
Vocabulary
prominent | | | |
To illustrate | | | |
various | | | |
infrastructure | | | |
extract | | | |
To scatter | | | |
mosaic | | | |
commotion | | | |
To cram | | | |
semi | | | |
current | | | |
ore | | | Quang |
coil | | | Cuon day toa nhiet |
insulation | | | Phan cach nhiet |
outlet | | | Dai ly |
myriad | | | Vo so, muoi nghin |
Advertising producs | | | |
Calculating prices | | | |
Distributing added value | | | |
Marketing products | | | |
Packaging products | | | |
Smelting iron | | | |
assembling | | | |
Cutting metal | | | |
Laying cables | | | |
Milling metal | | | |
Pressing metal | | | |
transportation | | | |
building | | | |
Digging iron ore | | | |
maintenance | | | |
Mining coal | | | |
Pumping oil | | | |
Welding metal | | | |

Sunlight flooded the cabin as the plane changed course. It was a bright, clear morning. Robyn looked out of the window as England slid slowly by beneath them: cities and towns, their street plans like printed circuits, scattered over a mosaic of tiny fields, connected by the thin wires of railways and motorways. Hard to imagine at this height all the noise and commotion going on down there. Factories, shops, offices, schools, beginning the working day. People crammed into rush hour buses and trains, or sitting at the wheels of their cars in traffic jams, or washing up breakfast things in the kitchens of pebble-dashed semis. All inhabiting their own little worlds,oblivious of how they fitted into the total picture. The housewife, switching on her electric kettle to make another cup of tea, gave no thought to the immense complex of operations that made that simple action possible: the building and maintenance of the power station that produced the electricity, the mining of coal cable to carry the current to her house, the digging and smelting and milling of ore or bauxite into sheets of steel or aluminium, the cutting and pressing and welding of the metal into the kettle's shell, spout and handle, the assembling of these parts with scores of other components – coils, rew, nuts, bolts, wahers, rivets, wires, spring, rubber insulation, plastic trimming; then the packaging of the kettle, the advertising of the kettle, the marketing of the kettle to wholesale and retail outlets, the transportation of the kettle to warehouses and shops, the calculation of its price, and the distribution of its added value between all the myriad people and agencies concerned in its production. The housewife gave no thought to all this as she switched on her kettle. Neither had Royn until this moment, and it would never have occurred to her to do so before she met Vic Wilcox.

COMPREHENSION
We generally describe the economy as consisting of three sectors: *) The primary sector: agriculture, and the extraction of raw materials from the earth; *) The second sector: manufacturing industry, in which raw materials are turned into finished products (although of course of the people working for manufacturing companies do not actually make anything, but provide a service-administration, law, finance, marketing, selling, computing, personnel, and so on,...) *) The tertiary sector: the commercial services that helps...
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