League of Nations

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Joanna Ksepko 3a

The League of Nations was established at the end of the First World War and it is claimed that it was the Wilson's dream for creating new world order. The primary goal of The League was to abolish wars and keep the world in peace but unfortunatelly the laudable dream of Wilson lay in ruins.

The League was set up by the Treaty of Versailles in 1918. The main aims were to avoid wars, improve people's work conditions and health care in a simply case of making the world a better place to live. It consisted of an assembly, a council which considered crises, a Court of International Justice and a number of comittees such as the Health comittee.

As a matter of fact, the League of Nations had its strenghts and weaknesses. The main strenght was the fact that the League was established by the Treaty of Versailles which was signed by every nation and by the 1930s it had almost 60 nations as members. It could impose its will by offering arbitration or applying trade sanctions. The main strenght occured to be as well the main weakness because of the fact that the Treaty of Versailles was hated by nations. The aims of League were definitely too ambitious and it had no army. The facts that Germany, USA and Russia (the most powerful countries) were not members and the decisions had to be unanimous are also signed as the weaknesses.

In its begginings, the League of Nations achieved some successes. It effectively resolved the quarell over Aaland Islands between Sweden and Finland in 1920. The Islands were under Finland sovereignty in the 1900s but they were Swedish-speaking mostly. After 1917 the residents wanted the Islands to become Sweden property but obviously Finland did not wish to cede the Islands. In 1921 Sweden raised the issue with the League which decided that the islands should remain a part of Finland but be under an autonomious goverment. The Islands were given to Finland. The League intervened successfully when Yugoslavian forces...
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