Leading Causes of Poverty

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Poverty and homelessness remains a main concern in our society. Patrick Conway, of the Global Research Institute of the University of North Carolina conducted research on “Poverty of North Carolina.” The research illustrated that the national poverty rate was 14.5 % in the year of 2009, way below the North Carolina poverty rate. Poverty is still a rising and an ongoing crisis. According to a data set found in usda.gov for North Carolina in 2010, the poverty rate was between 16.9 to 22.4 %. Using the text, Nickel and Dimed by Ehrenreich, and other writing sources, students were presented with a scenario of living in poverty. In this hypothetical situation, the student is 21 years old, pregnant with a seven month old baby and has a one year old. In addition, the spouse is disabled and unemployed. In this exercise, students had a working wage of $9.00 per hour, working 35 hours a week without benefits, while still maintaining full-time student status. With the above sources, this writing addresses the question of why any individuals descend to an marginalized status, specifically poverty. The contributing factors of this nation concern that will be discussed are lack of employment, medical problems, and psychological illness that will be illustrated in detail.

One of the major leading causes of poverty is unemployment. Patrick Conway in his research illustrated that the lack of employment opportunities and income disparity leads to mass poverty. In an article “North Carolina Unemployment,” by department of numbers, the national unemployment rate for December 2011 was 8.5% and North Carolina was 9.9%. The state unemployment rate was 1.4 percentage points higher than the national average for the month. Most unemployment occurs when individuals lack competitive job skills. According to Santaro, a business professional, employers are no longer looking for employees through the “degree- only” criteria. They are looking for individuals with competitive job skills, who...
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