Lecturer: Jonathan Lusk
Sub: A comparison of leadership theories
Jana Alam (john)M00297717
1st September 2010
According to Hannagan’s (2002), In today’s globalized world leadership has different types of theories and features. This essay will provide different types of leadership style and also analyse the relationship between leadership and management. In this essay, I will compare the two main theories of leadership and their effect on company management. I will also illustrate the rest of the leadership theories and their relationship with company management.
Leadership means ability to manage someone in a particular way due to pursue specific goals. As we know human has individual character, so leadership depends on individuals’ personality or character. Someone get this rare quality born to be and someone achieve this quality by developing themselves. There are a number of leadership theories. These are as follows: Trait theory says that leadership depends on personal and physical characteristics of leaders. Leaders are naturally braver, aggressive, and decisive and speak allegedly rather than other people. Moreover, they will have a strong personality and a sharp sense of humour. There is a popular myth that natural leaders are tall and stand above the crowd like Charles de Gaulle or Abraham Lincoln. The opposite view of that is the natural leaders are beneath average height, like Mahatma Gandhi, and they become leaders because they have to be more assertive than others. Research on physical characteristics says that every tall people do not have the quality of leadership. Leaders have to be intelligent and has to have the quality to give right direction in Wright time (Ghiselli, 1971). 2 However,the trait theory also shows that although people believe women have the equal right to men, sometimes they do not agree to work beneath a female manager.
The Situational theory developed by Hersey and Blanchhard (cited in Hannagan’s, 2002) leadership means that leader depends on ‘mature’ subordinates. Employees feel high task of orientation and also instructed under organization’s rules and procedures. Managers gets angry when new employees feel confuse at the very beginning of work. When an employee becomes familiar with the work and tries to take responsibility to their work of leadership style become participatory. This theory shows, employee will be well behaved, responsible, energetic and flexible. It means, an employee may well succeed without strong leadership. In that case managers have difficulty to change their leadership style which can help the employee to achieve success.
It is true that to change a manager’s style is both useless and insufficient to fit the situation. An effective group achievement could be possible matching the managers style in a particular situation if the group is properly skilled.
The path goal theory talks about different leadership who consider the different types of rewards which can affect the performance of the subordinates. Manager identifies the rewards which are attractive and can be expected by subordinates as a motivator. 3 Managers use these rewards as the ‘path’ for their subordinates to follow to reach their expected ‘goals’.
The participatory theory by describes which situation managers will participate with employees in order to solve their immediate problem. Vroom and Yetton...