Leaderships in Health Care

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Белорусский государственный университет Гуманитарный факультет

Кафедра теории и практики перевода

РЕФЕРАТ

для сдачи кандидатского экзамена по дисциплине: «Иностранный язык (английский язык)»

на тему «Leadership in Health Care»

Выполнил Жигэу Г.Н., магистрантгуманитарного факультета, специальности «Управление в социальных и экономических системах»| Проверил доцент кафедры теории и практики переводаЗайцева В.А.| Магистрант Жигэу Г.Н. может быть допущен к сдаче кандидатского экзамена по английскому языку Подпись _______________Дата __________________| Минск 2013

Contents
Abstract………………………………………………………………………………..3 Introduction……………………………………………………………………...……4 1. What is Leadership?.....………………………………………………………..…..6 2. Five negatives of leadership …………………………………………………...…..7 3. Five conceptions of leadership ………………………………………………..….11 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………..…….17 Glossary………………………………………………………………………...……18 Bibliography……………………………………………………………….…..…….44 Application………………………………………………………………….…….…44

Abstract

Introduction
Nurses and health care professionals must become effective managers and leaders in order to fulfill their responsibilities – to themselves, to their clients, and to the professions. The goals of current health care delivery and health care reform mandate a nonpartisan and diverse approach to the education of nurses and all health care professionals and personnel. Professionals who practice in today's health care environments and shape tomorrow's reform must be collaborative inter- disciplinarians, educated in an interdisciplinary environment and thinking within a diverse mind. These approaches are underscored by nursing and health care educational philosophies and practices – now and as projected into the future.

Trends in health care include (a) changing emphases imposed by federal and state cost-containment regulations, (b) changing and alternative methods for health care delivery, (c) increasing focus on health maintenance – primary care – in addition to the ever-present attention on secondary and tertiary care, and (d) greater quantities of data to support the mind/body relationship in health and disease, suggesting that not only is cure important, but altering behaviors is crucial so that the need to cure may become unnecessary or less frequent.

Wherever their placement in the health care arena, nurses and health care managers will be leaders of themselves; of colleagues and peers in interdisciplinary clinical teams of technicians and other health care providers; of colleagues in various management levels within formal health care organizations; of the public sector through media; of the individual clients in city, state, national, and international political entities, and so forth. In these positions, nurses and health care managers will be called upon for creative strategies, disciplines and cost-contained programs, and the abilities to research and analyze systems critically and chart growth – all on response to rapid and continuous health care changes. It is therefore mandatory that professionals perceive themselves in the roles of managers and leaders and increase their knowledge and application of theory and research in practice so that quality, comprehensive, and efficient care is provided to clients by the health care delivery team in any setting and throughout the world.

1. What is Leadership?
Leadership is a complex subject, yet its complexity does not prevent many people from wanting to reduce the whole subject to a user-friendly definition of no more than six or seven words. They want a simple, easy-to-remember, slogan-type definition that will sum up the subject in as few memorable words as possible. Leadership cannot be understood by such simplistic methods. It is necessary first of all to understand many different perspectives on the subject, and secondly, to comprehend the many complementary activities that impact upon its practice. Keith Grint's...
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