Leadership Theories

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Leadership Theories: Opposites and equals
Danielle McNaught
MGMT500 PS1- Organizational Behavior & Human Resource Management Dr. Marci Johnson
Southwestern College Professional Studies

Abstract
This paper evaluates theories of leadership and summarizes the findings from the research. Leadership versus management, leader traits, skills, behavior, and activities can be antiquated differently with the different leadership styles. Leadership power, influence, situations, situational moderator variables, transformational leadership, and the importance of leadership for organizational effectiveness make up a conceptual framework to present and show how the different theories project different ideas on how leaders should lead.

Leadership Theories: Opposites and equals
Douglas McGregor (1906-1964), a famous American psychologist, published his book “The Human Side of Enterprise" in 1957. It was with this material, in which he introduced what came to be called the management style, Theory X and Theory Y which have been used in human resource department to understand organizational behavior and communication and development. These two theories describe two very different leadership styles toward workforce motivation. (Chapman, 2010). Theory X (Authoritarian Management Style): Representing a very traditional view of human nature, in that people are generally irresponsible when it come to their work and therefore require close monitoring and supervision. Theory Y (Participative Management Style): Indicates a more positive view of human nature in that people are motivated, ambitious, proactive, pragmatic, creative and responsible when it comes to their jobs and responsibilities. Principles/Assumptions of Theory X Management are responsible for organizing the elements of enterprise including production, capital, materials, facilities and employees. In terms of employees, management is a process of directing their efforts, controlling their actions, and...
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