There a numerous leadership theories that help manage a successful business. These theories include techniques that have been developed and constantly improving since 1888. Theorists such as Thomas Carlyle, Kurt Lewin, and James Kouze, have developed characteristics they believe will shape the leaders of tomorrow. These characteristics are structured together to create theories based on personality, relationships, and developmental styles. The following will provided an organized overview of ten theorists and the characteristics they believe to develop successful leaders.
|Theorist |Theory Title |Theory Characteristics |Year | |Thomas Carlyle |Great Man |“According to this theory, you're either a natural born leader or |c.1888 | | | |you're not. The term "Great Man" was used because, at the time, | | | | |leadership was thought of primarily as a male quality, especially in | | | | |terms of military leadership.”(About, 2011) | | | | | | | | | |The Great Man leadership theory became more prevalent during the 19th| | | | |century and was developed from the success of several famous leaders.| | | | |A famous quote that sums up this theory is “great leaders are born, | | | | |not Made.” (Changing Minds, 2011) | |
Cherry, K. (2011). The Great Man Theory of Leadership. In About. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/a/great-man-theory-of-leadership.htm Straker, D. (2011). Great Man Theory. In Changing Minds. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/theories/great_man_theory.htm
|Gordon Allport |Personality Trait Theory |“The trait approach to personality is one of the major theoretical |c.1936 | | | |areas in the study of personality. The trait theory suggests that | | | | |individual personalities are composed broad dispositions.” (About, | | | | |2011) | | | | | | | | | |Allport discovered that there are more then 4,000 words to describe | | | | |personality traits. Allport categorized those traits into three | | | | |different levels, Cardinal, Central and Secondary traits. | | | | | | | | | |Cardinal traits were characterized as traits that dominate an | | | | |individual’s whole life. Central traits are general characteristics | | | | |of an individual personality that would affect their leadership | | | |...