Leadership Styles

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Summer project

Leadership styles-
which one really works?


"Management is efficiency in climbing the ladder of success. Leadership determines whether the ladder is leaning against the right wall." - Stephen R. Covey

How right Mr. Covey was in saying that, first be effective and then efficient. Leading people & managing people are two different things altogether. Leadership is one of the most quoted definition in the world of business. The important thing to consider here is why leadership is so important? Why are leaders always in the limelight? What personality traits are essential for being a good leader? To understand the evolution of leadership styles, we need to understand the historical development that has taken place in this field. I will also look into the various styles of leadership existing and weigh their pros and cons. Consequently an assessment of a few leaders based on their leadership skills, not on whom or what they represented. The intention was not to praise or condemn these people but to review their leadership styles, characteristics, and the determinants that occurred during their rise to prominence. Specific concentration areas for each of these individuals were the following: 1. What relationship could be found between the leader, the followers, and the situation? 2. What were this leader’s perceived positive qualities?

3. What were this leader’s perceived negative qualities?
4. What outstanding traits could be detected within this leader?

The final finding of my research has been discussed in the conclusion, implication of my findings and an end note.

.:Table Of Contents:.

1. An Introduction.

2. The Historical Perspective of Different types of Leadership.

3. Different Leadership Styles

4. Advantages & Disadvantages of the various Leadership Styles

5. Some world Renowned Leaders: An Overview

6. Comparing the Leaders

7. Conclusion

8. Implications of the findings

9. End note

10. References

I used to think that running an organization was equivalent to conducting a symphony orchestra. But I don't think that's quite it; it's more like jazz. There is more improvisation. Warren Bennis

The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and has self-restraint to keep from meddling with them while they do it. Theodore Roosevelt

Good leaders are made not born. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader. Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training, and experience.

To inspire your workers into higher levels of teamwork, there are certain things one must be, know, and, do. These do not come naturally, but are acquired through continual work and study. Good leaders are continually working and studying to improve their leadership skills; they are NOT resting on their laurels.


Definition of Leadership

Before we get started, lets define leadership. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. This definition is similar to Northouse's definition — Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.

Leaders carry out this process by applying their leadership knowledge & skills. This is called Process Leadership. However, we know that we have traits that can influence our actions. This is called Trait Leadership , in that it was once common to believe that leaders were born rather than made. These two leadership types are shown in the chart below:


While leadership is learned, the skills and knowledge processed by the leader can be influenced by his or hers attributes or traits, such as beliefs, values, ethics & character. Knowledge and skills contribute directly to the process of leadership, while the other...
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