February 15, 2010
Leaders are born or made; this can be interpreted as follows: “Are Leaders actually Born or Made? Very interesting question, there are present leaders on planet earth including past leaders for examples the Great Napoleon of France, Regan of United States of America, Margret Thatcher of great Britain whom seem to be naturally endowed or have the ability to lead others while others can become leaders by concentrating on a particular leaderships skills. Leaders are said to be inspirational, possesses combination of attribute such as great personalities and great skills which gives direction and ultimately makes people want to listen and follow their lead. Leaders varies from people to people likewise the era in which that leaders existed, basically an effective leadership can be influence by time, culture , the people, need etc. Great leaders have one thing in common; they are confidence and make people believe in them especially their ideals. Great leaders either present or past have different leadership styles and these styles can be defined as the process of providing direction for followers or individual, setting goals , ability to implement those set or proposed goals and ultimately motivate the people to achieve such goals ( Kurt Lewis 1939). There are different factors or approaches toward effective leadership, the styles each leader uses depend on combination of their: Belief, how confidence they are and abilities to motivate their followers. The second factor is their Values: Believe individual processes about ways of life and individual characteristics. Values are a set of emotional rules, feeling and governing characteristic that individual follow in making right decision about life and ability to implement those decisions in right directions. (H. Emenanjor, 2010). The third factor is the Organizational culture: Every successful organization has a solid base of personalities or cultural values, these cultural behaviors by leadership must be effective for any organization to be successful, thus the culture of an organization serves as a necessary ingredient in defining the type of organization. Leadership must set goals or specific task that need to be implemented by their worker, ability to plan work activities with specific set time is very important, leadership must clarify each goal making it plane, understandable and provide specific objective for each goals. Leadership must monitor the progress of tasks giving to their followers and rate performance setting up a standard of achievement. And finally leadership must be supportive, developmental and possess the ability to recognize failure before it appears on surface and likewise successful task. There are three major types of leadership styles which are characterized by leadership values, belief, state of mind, cultural organization etc, these are: Autocratic or Authoritarian: This type of leadership style is when leaders tell their followers what type of task needed to be accompanied or performed, how they want it done, without the imputes of their follower or their follower’s suggestion. This is a very unique way of government; it is used when leaders mainly want to gain motivation from followers and more commitment from them. There seems to be misunderstanding of this leadership style with the present day workplaces of “bossing employee around” without any consideration of human feelings or respect for humanity. The weakness to this type of leadership style is that most people perceive this type of leadership has been bossy and too much authoritative.
*This picture describes A*utocratic style of leadership
I want this task done…………
(Picture from www.nwlink.com/donclark/leader)
Democratic or Participative style of leadership involves one or more followers or team members in decision making processes or actualization of set...