A PAPER ON
HOW LEADERSHIP STYLES AFFECT EMPLOYEE CREATIVITY: AN INSIGHT TO NIGERIAN EMPLOYERS AND THE WORKPLACE
DR DULCE PENA
Throughout the history of law enforcement, leaders have used many different styles to lead employees. From the early styles of Autocratic and Laissez-Faire to Participative (democratic), Transactional and Transformational leadership. Leadership within policing has evolved over the years in some organizations to a more participative style and yet there are still leaders who cling to an antiquated domineering style. This study will investigate the influence of work motivation, leadership effectiveness and creativity on Employee performance in the Nigerian workplace but the main idea of this paper is to examine the effect of leadership styles on creativity. Creativity has always been at the heart of human endeavor, now it is recognized as central to organizational performance. Creativity has become and will remain indispensable as organizations and their environments change fundamentally and as jobs become more complex and work designs include more autonomy. In order to survive, adapt, and gain competitive advantage, organizations need to unleash their employees’ creative potential, because employees’ creative ideas can be used as building blocks for organizational innovation, change, and competitiveness. There are different types of leadership styles, some enhance creativity, and others suppress the growth of creative ideas from employees. Therefore it is recommended that employer, human resource managers and other leaders in organizations to show greater interest in the welfare of workers to make them more valuable contributors to the success of the organization. In addition the Climate or environment for work should be such that will foster employee Creativity rather than suppress it. This paper is going to give us an insight on the different types of leadership styles and how each in its own way enhances creativity. There is no doubt that creativity is the most important human resource of all. Without creativity, there would be no progress, and we would be forever repeating the same patterns.—Edward de Bono INTRODUCTION
Leadership is a social influence process in which the leader seeks the voluntary participation of subordinates in an effort to reach organization goals, a process whereby one person exerts social influence over other members of the group (Bamigboye, 2000), a process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group of individuals in an effort towards goal achievement in given situations (Akanwa, 1997), and a relational concept involving both the influencing agent and the person being influenced. Effective leadership is the extent to which a leader continually and progressively leading and directing his/her followers to the agreed destination which is defined by the whole group. Leadership style is the pattern of behaviors engaged in by the leader when dealing with employees. Lewin, Lippit and White (1939) identified three leadership styles which are autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire. Autocratic leadership style involve the leader making all the decisions, wielding absolute power, assigning tasks to members of the group and maintaining a master-servant relationship with members of the group. On the other hand, democratic leadership style involves the use of consultative approach, encourages group participation in decision making and maintaining a master-master relationship with group members. The laissez-faire leadership style involves non-interference policy, allows complete freedom to all workers and has no particular way of attaining goals, However, there is no one best style of leadership. The effectiveness of a particular style is dependent on the organizational situation. Work stress which is the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements...