Leadership is the ability to inspire, guide, and support groups toward achieving a common goal. In short, the ability to influence others. Situational Theories of Leadership: fit leadership style/type to the situation Five Major Styles/Types of Leadership
* Aversive: threats, intimidation, reprimands, punishment * Directive: top down direction, instructions, command
* Transactional: dispensing of rewards for compliance
* Transformational: motivating through inspiration, vision, challenge * Empowering: encouraging self-leadership in followers.
* Aversive Leadership
* Advantages: communicates seriousness in extreme situations, useful as a last resort to get change quickly * Disadvantages: low flexibility, high dissatisfaction, high turnover, rebellion, & low innovation * Directive Leadership
* Advantages: good when followers are low in experience, when goals are clear, and compliance important * Disadvantages: low flexibility and low innovation
* Transactional Leadership
* Advantages: good when people like their jobs, and desire the rewards given, and leader has control * Disadvantages: can cause competitive behavior between employees, reduces innovation and citizenship behavior * Transformational Leadership
* Advantages: good in crisis situations and when you need a “team” effort. * Disadvantages: hard to sustain long term, and may lead to let down after crisis has passed. * Empowering Leadership
* Advantages: leads to long-term innovation with self-motivated and skilled workers, requires less oversight. * Disadvantages: not good with less experienced employees, may lead to confusion early on. What are the traits of a strong leader?
* People have a desire to reduce uncertainty, and predict the events that may affect our lives. Such predictability is easier if one person is in control. *...