PROF. HARDEEP KAUR
University of MumbaI
BUNTS SANGHA MUMBAI
ANNA LEELA COLLEGE OF COMMERCE & ECONOMICS
SHOBHA JAYARAM SHETTY COLLEGE FOR B.M.S
Shashi Manmohan Shetty Higher Education Complex,
Buntara Bhavana Marg, Kurla (East), Mumbai 400 070
Every manager develops a style in managing the activities. Such styles vary from leader to leader, from situation to situation and from organisation to organisation. In the words of Edwin Flippo, ““Leadership style is a pattern of behaviour designed to integrate organisational and personal interest in pursuit of some objective.” The main types of leadership are as follows
1. AUTOCRATIC STYLE:
An autocratic is the one who takes all decision by himself expects to be obeyed by his subordinates. The subordinates have no scope to question the superior. Certain points to be noted in this respect: * The superior makes the decision
* The superior does not consult the subordinates in decision making. * The superior is responsible for the decision
* The relationship between superior and subordinates are formal
This style is suitable when:
* Quick decision are to be made
* Subordinates are inexperienced and it does not make any sense to consult them.
This type of leadership style is more followed in government departments. The bureaucratic often follow rules and regulations in totality. They do not use their direction, even to do away with more formalities. They strictly follow the scalar chain principle, even in the case of urgency. The following points to be noted: * The bureaucratic takes the decision by strickly following formalities, rules and regulations. * The subordinates are often not consulted
* The bureaucrat may avoid responsibility.
* The relationship between superior and subordinates are formal. * This style result in delay and red tapism, and unwanted paper work.
In this type, the leader consults his subordinates before taking a decision. The leader feels, that it is always advisable to consult the subordinates, this type of leader is more open minded and would welcome suggestions from the subordinates before making a decision. The following points are to be noted: * The superior consults the subordinates before making a decision. * The subordinates may give their suggestion or comments, which the superior may not accept. * The superior makes the decision.
* The superior is responsible for the decision.
* The relations between superior and subordinates are informal. This style is suitable when:
* There is no urgency of the decision, which allows the leader to consult subordinates. * The suggestions and comments of the subordinates are vital in making decision. * The subordinates are experienced and matured and can provide suggestion and comments.
4. PARTICIPATIVE STYLE:
The leader not only consults the subordinates but allows them to take a part in decision making. The following points are to be noted: * The superior consults his subordinates before making a decision. * The leader along with the group take a part in decision making. * Both the leader and the group share the responsibility for making the decision. * The relations are formal
This style is suitable when:
* Group decision making is required.
* There is an immediate possibility of opposition from a group of followers. * There are experienced and matured followers.
5. LAISSEZ-FAIR STYLE:
In this style, the leader shares the problem with the group. He acts as a chairperson in generating and evaluating alternatives in search of group consensus. He is prepared to do what the group wants to do. The following points are to be noted: * The superior allows the subordinates to take a...