LEADERSHIP … STYLE & TYPE OF LEADERSHIP
Tom DeMarco … Says that leadership needs to be distinguished from posturing. Alan Keith … Stated that, "Leadership is ultimately about creating a way for people to contribute to making something”.
Leadership is stated as the "process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task. The Late Leader - Selected Traits of H.H Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Zayed has been able to build a modern state which has become a model to be imitated everywhere and on all levels. * His call for Arab unity as the only way for power and success. * His call for solidarity and co-operation in order ward off * Dangers and disasters and achieve progress and prosperity. * His insistence on justice and equality.
* His endeavors to provide security and assurance among the * Members of society.
* His statement that the real wealth is the person who is the most precious being on earth. Introduction to Leadership P. 1
Types of Leadership Style P. 2,3,4&5
Leadership& Change P. 7&8
Leadership Theories P. 9,10,11&12 Leadership –Genetic or Learned P. 13&14
Leadership Qualities & Characteristics P.15
Types of Leadership Style
Majors of Leadership Style
In 1939, a group of researchers led by psychologist Kurt Lewin set out to identify different styles of leadership. While further research has identified more specific types of leadership, this early study was very influential and established three major leadership styles. In the study, groups of schoolchildren were assigned to one of three groups with an authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-fair leader. The children were then led in an arts and crafts project. Researchers then observed the behavior of children in response to the different styles of leadership. Style ..1..
Authoritarian leaders provide clear expectations for what needs to be done, when it should be done, and how it should be done. There is also a clear division between the leader and the followers. Authoritarian leaders make decisions independently with little or no input from the rest of the group. Researchers found that decision-making was less creative under authoritarian leadership. Lewin also found that it is more difficult to move from an authoritarian style to a democratic style than vice versa. Abuse of this style is usually viewed as controlling, bossy, and dictatorial. Authoritarian leadership is best applied to situations where there is little time for
group decision-making or where the leader is the most knowledgeable member of the group. Pros and Cons of Autocratic Leaders
This style of leadership is often very stressful on fellow employees and makes the work environment itself not such a fun place to be. But like all leadership styles, there is a time and a situation where the style is appropriate. Autocratic Leaders in the Workplace
The down side is that some studies suggest that organizations with lots of autocratic leaders have higher turnover and absenteeism than other organizations. With today's emphasis on joint decision making and empowerment, employees just entering the workforce will be highly resistant to this management style. So the autocratic leadership style should be not be used when you want to get your employees engaged in the decision making process. Autocratic leaders are also not very effective in situations where your employees might become resentful or fearful. Examples of Autocratic Leaders
These particular individuals gained notoriety for exhibiting this leadership style. Martha Stewart
Was meticulous and demanding. She was also very successful in her endeavors and in using her autocratic management style. Howell Raines
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