Dictatorship Type of Leader
(From 20 April 1889 to 30 April 1945)
Hitler’s Leadership Style
Hitler’s powerful and relentless leadership style was very successful in the beginning. Hitler directed the “Blitzkrieg” tactics that dominated the first phase of World War II.
These bold tactics included sudden shock attacks against airfields, communications centers and military installations. He was the inspiration behind great victories like the Battle of France in May 1940 and the Battle of Kharkov in May 1942. It was Hitler’s leadership style along with his inability to make decisions at critical times, which lead to the undoing of Nazi Germany.
Beginning with the reoccupation of the Rhineland in March 1936, Hitler saw his senior officers unwilling to take risks. As time went on, he came to believe that Germany's victories were his alone and that most of his generals were narrow-minded and incapable. Near the end of the war, he ordered that no unit could move without his express permission. He demanded lengthy reports on every armored vehicle and position that his forces lost.
Problems with such a Leadership: -
Hitler distrusted his generals and relied too much on his own instinct. According to his so-called “Leadership Principle”, ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward. Hitler had an incredible memory for detail. Every point had to be correct and consistent with previous briefings. He would become annoyed at any discrepancies. Hitler combined his insistence on personal control with a leadership style that often consisted of equal parts stubbornness and indecisiveness (Geoffrey Megargee).
Strategic decisions: -
Hitler's strategic decisions corresponded to the same pattern in domestic politics. In pursuing short-term mobilization, the Reich avoided sketching out alternative strategies in case of unanticipated setbacks (Mommsen).
Hitler’s belief that Germany's...