December 2, 2012
Analyze the Leadership style(s) of a Senior Executive (CEO, CFO, COO, DIRECTOR, etc.) In your current of Previous Organization who made a Positive or Negative Impact on you.
Tm Am international is a construction company with many branches and offices all over the world. It deals in building construction and civil engineering ranging construction of roads, bridges to hydro electric power dams.
Leadership is a social process of influence where a person can employ the support and assistance of other people in achieving the objective of a common problem or task at hand. Leadership involves the organization of a group of people to attain a common objective, many theories of leadership have emerged involving character traits, situational and personal interaction, objective, values, power and other functions.
The search of personal characteristics and traits has been continuing for ages. Greatest writers of history from Plato’s book “ Republic” and Plutarch “Lives” all have tried answering the question “What qualities and characters distinguishes a person as a leader”. Underlying the method of this search was the recognition that of its importance to leadership and that leadership is deeply related to characteristics certain people have. It is an idea known as “trait leadership theory”.
The trait leadership theory also led to other forms of alternative leadership theories. In subsequent studies it was revealed that the overall nature of traits in leadership suggested that persons leading in certain sectors may not be good in other sectors hence leadership is not based on individual traits alone but also based on situational approach.
Significant and personal relationship exists between the individual traits such as intelligence, experience and extraversion of leadership. While the trait theory is popular it has not been matched with increase in related conceptual and significant framework (Zaccaro, 2007).
A leadership style is a leader’s way of initiating and providing direction, motivating staff and implementing ideas and plans, there are different kinds of leadership depending on the size and type of company and the service it is providing (Zaccaro, Gulick, & Khare, 2008).
Tm and Am, a construction company, is a task oriented and leadership company. The chief executive officer delegates his powers to different site managers based in different parts of the world. They are given powers to implement the decisions made by the head office and tasked to achieve the target given in a certain period of time. Task-oriented leadership style is one where the team leader is well focused on the major tasks that are required to be performed to achieve a certain set production target. There are other leadership styles and all depend on the circumstances of each particular trade and industry the company is engaged in.
In Laissez-faire or free-reign style, a person in leadership does not give any direction or leadership and leaves the group to work out everything on their own. They create their own policies and methods of management. They are motivated to be more creative and very innovative.
In participative style of management the leadership is democratic and includes the leader sharing ideas with the staff and members of the group on the decision making process. This promotes the groups interest and promotes social equality (Judge et al, 2002).
Authoritarian leadership style is under autocratic system of leadership where all the decisions are made by one person usually dictators. The leaders do not listen to any suggestions or advice from any person except from his personal friends and close relatives.
Analyze the Organizational Structure and Culture of the Company for which you work (or would like to work) to Determine its approach to Team...