Leadership and Management in Nursing

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Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of management and leadership in nursing profession based on scenario of Ms. J who is nurse manager in intensive care unit (ICU). Ms. J has been a nurse for 25 years in current hospital and she has over ten years’ experience as nurse manager. She has been working in current ICU as a manager for six years. Staff members have some complaints about Ms. J’s leadership and management skills such as her communication skills, knowledge of the unit, and availability of assistance for acute patients care. This paper will focus on Ms. J’s leadership style characteristics and rationale for selection. In addition, it will discuss differences between leadership and management and Ms. J’s collaboration and interdisciplinary practice in her unit.

Introduction
Effective leadership and management skills of leaders affect mutual trust among staff members and patients’ quality care. It will eventually lead to success of the organization. Nurse Manager is more involved in budget administration of unit, scheduling, and each employees hiring and evaluation process compared to shift charge nurse in the unit. Ms. J’s main goal is maintaining patient safety and developing basic unit budget followed by budget cut in the hospital. Ms. J is also trying to counsel and assist each employee with professional development and goal setting in the ICU. Further education of nurses, high stress level, and high workload cause high turnover rate in the unit. High turnover rate in this unit is one of her major concerns because it will directly lead to quality care of patients. Also, new hired nurses will cause higher cost of unit due to long term training. Ms. J works with charge nurses and educator to improve financial status and patients care. Differences between leadership and management

Leadership and management are often used interchangeably and they do have some overlapping concepts like involving influencing constituents or...
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