Leadership and Management

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Leadership and management are two notions that are often used interchangeably. However, these words actually describe two different concepts. The following report will discuss the differences and examine the roles and responsibilities of leaders in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture. What is leadership, and what is the difference between leadership and management? •Leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow, i.e. a leader is the spearhead for that new direction •Management controls or directs people and or resources in a group according to principles or values that have already been established The difference between leadership and management can be best illustrated by considering what happens when you have one without the other… Leadership without management: Sets a direction or vision that others follow, without considering too much on how the new direction is going to be achieved. Other people then have to work hard in the trail that is left behind, picking up the pieces and making it work. For example, a CEO rescues the company from going out of business by deciding to restructure and expand the business into other markets and forums such as the internet. Although the CEO had the vision to take the company into a new direction, most of the management of the group and details is done by or comes from others. Management without leadership: Controls resources to maintain the status quo or ensure things happen according to already-established plans. For example, a referee manages a sports game, but does not usually provide "leadership" because there is no new change, no new direction - the referee is controlling resources to ensure that the laws of the game are followed and status quo is maintained. Leaders play a substantial role and responsibility in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture. A leader's role should be, but not limited to the following: •Set the directions and create...
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