Leadership and Effective Decision Making

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Leadership and Effective Decision Making

By | March 2012
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Many cultures have developed beliefs about the value for the common good through personal experiences. Therefore, because of experiences and cultures, each belief is about how individuals should behave and act toward one another in organizations, groups, and societies. What is considered good or bad will be clear to individuals’ when they view the values and ethics of a culture or an organization. The influences which befall an individual, from organizational and cultural norms, are other aspects, which should be considered when it concerns values and ethics. Organizational or cultural norms are simply rules that are not stated. These norms are generally reached on an informal basis by a group of people, which controls the actions of any members’ it may have. Even the formal policies and procedures of a corporation do not have the effect that informal processes do, especially when someone considers what is and is not allowed or done by another. The majority of a person’s ethical and value development occurs before they enter an organization. The determinants of an individual’s ethics and values are the influence of the church, family, school, and community. An organization regularly deals with individuals whose ethics and values have already been established. Therefore, this may imply that unprincipled individuals will be drawn to an organization that is seen as unethical; while virtuous individuals will be drawn to an organization that is seen as ethical. However, it is not as simple as this. Although an individual’s internalized values are important, an organization has a deep impact on the behavior of its employees, in which, it can have a negative or positive influence on their ethics and values.

For sound decisions to be made of an ethical nature, an individual must possess certain qualities. First and foremost, an individual has to have the ability to reason through ethical decisions and consequences, along with, recognizing ethical issues. Moreover, an...