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The Leadership Quarterly
journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/leaqua
The loci and mechanisms of leadership: Exploring a more comprehensive view of leadership theory
Morela Hernandez a,⁎, Marion B. Eberly b, 1, Bruce J. Avolio a, 2, Michael D. Johnson a, 3
Michael G. Foster School of Business, University of Washington, Seattle, Paccar Hall, Box 353226, Seattle, WA 98195-3200, USA Milgard School of Business, University of Washington, Tacoma, 1900 Commerce Street, Box 358420, Tacoma, WA 98402-3100, USA
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Through a qualitative review of the leadership literature, we derive two fundamental principles for codifying the last century of leadership theory and research: the locus and mechanism of leadership. Our systematic review and categorization of past theories suggests that further development of the follower, collective and context loci, and the affect mechanism is needed. Building on these insights, we propose that by simultaneously considering all five loci and four mechanisms in their theories, leadership scholars can advance a more comprehensive and integrative understanding of the leadership phenomenon. We then demonstrate the potential of using the locus and mechanism framework for examining and expanding current and future leadership theory including work on shared and strategic leadership. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Available online 15 October 2011 Keywords: Leadership Follower Context
It is not uncommon for both leadership practitioners and academics to lament the range of definitions that are typically used in the literature to describe leadership. The differences in how leadership has been defined have resulted in disparate approaches to conceptualizing, measuring, investigating, and critiquing leadership. For example, some authors have focused solely on the leader to explain leadership,... [continues]
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