William Cohen says “Great leaders are made not born” (Cohen 1998). If one has got the want and drive, one can be an effecient leader. Good leaders develop with a persistent process of self-study, experience, education, and training. (Jago, 1982). Leadership and the study of this event have its origin in the beginning of civilization. Heros in Greece, rulers in Egypt and patriarchs from Bible all have a common thing that is leadership. (Stone and Patterson 2004)
Ralph Nader (1971) says that the duty of a leader is not to produce followers but it is to generate more leaders. Jack Welch (2001) says the job of a leader is to generate more leaders is to make an impression on everyone and enter into their vital force, every point of time if you are present in your office, you being a leader is worthless. For a person to be a leader, the group should know who the person is what they represent, before they assent to follow the person the fundamental quality of a leader is the skill to sway people. Leader with a vivid impression have the authority over people who lead them towards progression (Lansdale, 2002). Some say leaders are common people who do exceptional things (Kouzes and Posner 1995, Peter and Waterman 1995). While others say it is a skill attained conditionally (De pree 1989). There are various beliefs about how one evolves into a fine leader. Different leadership charecteristics and the manner of conducting oneself are needed and have been recognized as in cogent nurse leader. (Pavitt 1999, Tappen 2001). Good leaders are the ones who are made i.e. they require leadership qualities as they are subjected to a situation one cannot say they are born leaders. Good leaders develop through a routine in-depth study about oneself, education, experience, expertise, training and reflection
Reflection is one aspect which can help a person to be an effective leader (Perin and et.al 2001). Reflection is an aspect where leaders determine their own beliefs, attitudes, actions and their own beliefs, attitudes, actions and spur it helps leaders prevent drawbacks in other areas, makes most of genuine feedbacks. Identify limits of their insight and prevent recurrence of their mistakes. (Perin and et.al 2001).
Dewey (1933) has a major influence over the ideas of reflective learning; he defined reflection as careful, active and continuous examination of belief or knowledge of a form in the view of the basis which supports it and results to the one it contributes.
Leadership is mainly about exercising control over someone in a manner that inspires others to follow towards an inclined outcome. Different authors have come up with different definitions of leadership, one of my favorites is “Leadership is the ability of developing and communicating a vision to a group of people that will make the vision true”. (Valenzuela, 2007). For Valenzuela leadership is about ones skill of developing oneself and make known a vision to a group where they would make it true. Another definition by Sun Tzu in the art of war “ the way (of leadership) means inducing the people to have the same aim as the leadership so that they will share death and life without fear of danger” (Sun Tzu 2005) for Sun Tzu, leadership is about a plan, relationship and a change that are kept together for one common vision that may call on those so aligned to act to surpass personal interest in self; it also identifies the combined change that leader and follower share in taking part in this vision both share the speculations and rewards in its quest. There are several theories formulated to explain leadership and a number of books are written in this aspect. The theories earlier were basically based on the behavior and characteristics of leaders whereas later its focus was more on the position of the followers.
The Great man theory had the notion that leaders are extraordinary, and people born with natural qualities, ordained to lead...