This paper focuses on the Art of Leadership. In particular, this essay begins by summarizing various approaches to leadership and other key features and characteristics of effective leaders. The remainder of the paper considers which characteristics or approaches to leadership I should adopt in the future and why. Additionally, I discuss my career plans and the steps that I must take in order to achieve my goals.
The Current Environment of the Art of Leadership
A leadership approach is a “coherent, explicit style of management, not a reflection of personal style” (Farkas & Wetlaufer, 1996, p. 111). According to Charles M. Farkas and Suzy Wetlaufer, there are only five approaches to organizational leadership: (1) the strategy approach, (2) the human-assets approach, (3) the expertise approach, (4) the box approach, and (5) the change approach. Although there is some overlap between the approaches, Farkas and Wetlaufer suggest that an effective CEO must generally select a dominant approach to serve as a compass to direct the organization’s actions and decisions (p. 113). Some organizational leaders, however, argue that they follow leadership approaches that are not outlined in Farkas and Wetlaufer’s article (L. Katz, personal communication, July 15, 2011; B. Ulrichsen, personal communication, July 22, 2011). Farkas and Wetlaufer also argue that a CEO’s approach can and should change over the course of his or her career.
CEOs who adopt the strategy approach focus on creating and implementing a long-term strategy for the organization. This approach tends to be most prevalent in highly complex companies or industries, in terms of technology, geography, or organizational structure. Additionally, the strategy approach is often adopted when the volume and pace of change is substantial, such that the CEO must assume the responsibilities of planning and guiding the organization into the future. Finally, CEOs who frequently make decisions that...